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伝統的工芸品を探す

TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

宮城県

雄勝硯

Ogatsu Inkstones

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雄勝硯の歴史は大変古く、室町時代初期に遡ると言われています。

The origins of the Ogatsu Suzuri can be traced back to the Muromachi period (1392-1573). Then, at the beginning of the 17th century, two inkstones were presented to the military commander, Date Masamune, who was on a deer hunt on Toojima, an island off the Ojika Peninsular. It seems that he was highly delighted with the stones and reciprocated generously.

愛知県

豊橋筆

Toyohashi Brushes

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江戸時代後期に、現在の豊橋市にあたる地域を支配していた吉田藩の藩主が、京都の職人を、藩のために筆を作る御用筆匠(ごようふでしょう)として迎え、下級武士に副業として筆作りを奨励したのが始まりです。

Toyohashi is situated at the center of the area which was once ruled by the Yoshida clan. Toward the end of the 18th century, the leader of the clan brought in Suzuki Jinzaemon from Kyoto, and he began making brushes for the clan. Gradually lower ranking samurai started this work and this marked the true beginnings of the craft in Toyohashi.

三重県

鈴鹿墨

Suzuka Sumi Ink Sticks

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平安時代初期に鈴鹿の山で採れる松材を燃やして油煙を取り、それをニカワで固めて墨を作ったのが始まりと伝えられています。

The making of ink sticks here is said to have begun at the end of the 8th century, when soot was obtained by burning pine that was cut from the mountains around Suzuka. An animal glue was then added to the soot which was dried and used to make ink.

兵庫県

播州そろばん

Banshu Abacus

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そろばんは室町時代の終り頃、中国から長崎を経由して大津に伝わりました。

Coming first from China, the abacus was brought to Otsu from Nagasaki toward the end of the Muromachi period (1392-1573). It was during the following Momoyama period (1573-1600), when Toyotomi Hideyoshi sieged Miki castle, that the people of this small castle town fled to nearby Otsu, where some learned how to make the abacus. When they finally returned to their homeland, they began making what became the Banshu Soroban.

奈良県

奈良筆

Nara Brushes

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奈良の筆作りの歴史は、今から1200年程前、空海が唐に渡った時に筆作りの方法を極め、日本に帰った後その技法を大和国の住人に伝えたことに始まります。

When the monk Kukai journeyed to China some 1,200 years ago, he made a study of brush making there and on his return, he passed on his knowledge to people living in the province of Yamatokoku that is now called Nara Prefecture. This marked the beginnings of brush making here.

島根県

雲州そろばん

Unshu Abacus

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江戸時代後期、島根県仁多町の大工が広島の職人が作ったそろばんを手本に、この地方で採れるカシ、ウメ、ススタケを材料として見事なそろばんを作りました。

Towards the end of the Edo period (1600-1868), a carpenter living in Shimane Prefecture obtained an abacus from Hiroshima made by a specialist and made a very good one using locally sourced oak, Japanese apricot and a smoked form of bamboo called susudake.

広島県

熊野筆

Kumano Brushes

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江戸時代、農業だけでは生活が支えきれない農民の多くが、農閉期に現在の和歌山県にあたる紀州の熊野地方や、奈良県にあたる大和の吉野地方に出稼ぎに行き、故郷に帰る時に、それらの地方で作られた筆や墨を仕入れて行商を行っていました。そうしたことから熊野と筆の結び付きが生まれました。

During the Edo period (1600-1868), many farmers found life very difficult. When there was no farm work, peasants went off in search of work to the Kumano district in Kishu corresponding to present-day Wakayama and the Yoshino area of Yamato, which is now Nara Prefecture. On returning to their homelands they sold writing brushes and ink they had acquired from these places. Ultimately, this led to the making of brushes in Kumano.

広島県

川尻筆

Kawajiri Brushes

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産地と筆の関わりは、19世紀前半に菊谷三蔵が摂州有馬(現在の兵庫県)から筆を仕入れ、寺子屋などで販売したのが始まりと言われています。

It seems that the link between Kure and writing brushes dates back to when some brushes were acquired from a region of what is now Hyogo Prefecture by one Kikutani Sanzo at the beginning of the 19th century. The brushes were brought for use at the temples in the area and, as a result of this business, the advantages of actually making brushes during the slack time of the agricultural calendar were explained to the local farmers.

山口県

赤間硯

Akama Inkstones

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赤間硯は鎌倉時代の初めに、鶴岡八幡宮に奉納されたという記録があります。江戸時代中期には各地で売り広められました。

Records exist showing that an Akama Suzuri was offered at the Tsuruoka Hachimangu Shrine in Kamakura at the beginning of the Kamakura period (1185-1333). By the middle of the Edo period (1600-1868) these inkstones were being sold up and down the country.