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伝統的工芸品を探す

TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

福井県

越前焼

Echizen Ware

陶磁器

越前焼は日本六古窯の1つに数えられ、その歴史はたいへん古いものです。

Echizen Yaki ranks among Japan's six old kilns and therefore has a history dating back many centuries. First fired toward the end of the Heian period (794-1185), upward of 200 old kilns sites have been discovered in the area to date. It was in these massive old kilns that all manner of everyday articles such as pots, jars, mortars, flasks, and jars in which to keep a black tooth dye fashionable at the time were fired.

福井県

越前漆器

Echizen Lacquer Ware

漆器

始まりは古く、6世紀にまで遡ると伝えられています。当時の天皇に冠の塗り替えを命じられた漆塗りの職人が、

It is thought that this particular lacquer ware dates back to the 6th century. A lacquerer was ordered to recoat the kanmuri or formal headpiece of the Emperor of the times. The lacquerer also presented a black lacquered bowl to the Emperor who recognized the quality of his work and it is thought that it was this encouragement which led to the establishment of Echizen Shikki as an individual ware.

福井県

若狭塗

Wakasa Lacquer Ware

漆器

若狭塗は、江戸時代の初めに若狭湾のそばに位置していた小浜藩の漆塗りの職人が、中国の漆器作りの技術にヒントを得て、海底の様子を図案化して始めたものです。これに改良工夫を重ねて生まれたのが「菊塵塗(きくじんぬり)」で、さらにその考案者の弟子によって「磯草塗(いそくさぬり)」があみだされました。

The making of Wakasa Nuri began at the beginning of the Edo period (1600-1868), when lacquerers of the Obama clan near Wakasa Bay started decorating their work with designs depicting elements of the ocean floor, having got the idea from techniques used in Chinese lacquer ware.

福井県

越前箪笥

Echizen Tansu

木工品・竹工品

江戸時代後期より製造されており、ケヤキ、キリ等の木材を独自の指物技術により加工した後、漆塗りを施し、鉄製金具で装飾する重厚な製品造りを行っています。

Production began in the late Edo period. Zelkova, pawlonia, and other wood is processed using a unique joinery method, then covered in lacquer, and ornamented with metal fittings to create stately products.

福井県

越前打刃物

Echizen Forged Blades

金工品

室町時代の初め頃、京都の刀作りの職人が、刀剣製作にふさわしい土地を求めてこの地にやって来た時、近くの農民のために鎌を作ったことが始まりだったと言われています。

When a swordsmith from Kyoto came to this area in search of raw materials at the beginning of the Muromachi period (1392-1573), it seems they made some sickles of the local farmers and this marked the beginning of forging in the area. During the Edo period (1600-1868) with patronage from the Fukui clan, blades made in Echizen were sold all over the country.

福井県

越前和紙

Echizen Paper

和紙

今から1500年程前、この村里の岡太川に美しい姫が現れて紙漉(す)きの技を教えたと伝えられています。奈良時代には、仏教の経を写すための写経用紙として重用されました。

Legend has it that some 1,500 years ago, a beautiful princess came to the village of Okatagawa and taught the people there how to make paper. In the Nara period (710-794) the paper was highly respected for the copying of Buddhist sutras. Then, when paper began to be used in large quantities by the warrior class, some very high quality papers such as Echizen Hosho were produced in large amounts and using improved techniques.

福井県

若狭めのう細工

Wakasa Agate Work

貴石細工

現在の福井県若狭の里、遠敷(おにゅう)は、若狭一の神社を頂く土地で、奈良時代に玉を信仰する鰐族(わにぞく)という海民族が、この地に来たとき、神社の前に鰐街道を作り、そこで玉を作ることを仕事としたのが、始まりと言われています。

Wakasa now stands in present-day Fukui Prefecture. One of the old villages of Wakasa was called Onyu and it was this area that was served by the main shrine of the province. Back in the Nara period (710-794), a sea-faring people known as the Wanizoku, who made jade the object of their faith, came to the area and built what was called the Wani-kaido, a road in front of the shrine. Here they started making jade objects and Wakasa Meno Zaiku is said to have begun at this time.