• Home
  • 伝統的工芸品を探す

伝統的工芸品を探す

TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

山形県 新潟県

羽越しな布

Uetsu Shinafu

織物

日本では、遠く縄文や弥生時代から山野に自生する科(しな)、楮(こうぞ)、楡(にれ)、藤(ふじ)、葛(くず)、苧麻(ちょま)などの草木から取り出した繊維で糸を作り、自家用として布に織り上げ衣装や装飾品などに利用してきました。

In Japan, ever since the Jomon and Yayoi periods, people have made thread from fiber derived from plants and trees that grow naturally in the mountains such as Japanese linden, mulberry, elm, wisteria, kudzu, and ramie, and used this thread to weave fabric and make clothing and ornaments for private home use.

新潟県

塩沢紬

Shiozawa Pongee

織物

新潟県の塩沢産地の織物の歴史は古く、奈良時代に織られた当地方の麻布(現在の越後上布)が奈良の正倉院に保存されています。

The history of weaving in the Shiozawa area is very long and an example of a linen cloth--now Echigo linen--woven during the Nara period (710-794) is preserved in the Shosoin Repository in Nara. The skills and techniques used to weave this linen cloth were adopted for the weaving of a silk cloth that became Shiozawa Tsumugi and was first woven during the Edo period (1600-1868).

新潟県

小千谷縮

Ojiya Ramie Crepe

織物

小千谷における麻織物の歴史は古く、縄文時代後期と思われる土器に布目のあとが残されています。

The history of linen weaving in Ojiya goes back a very long time. A piece of pottery which is thought to have been made at the end of the Jomon period (ca.10000-ca.200 BC) has been discovered bearing the imprint of some woven fabric. Well suited to the climate of Ojiya, woven linen was valued highly and was presented to the Shogun.

新潟県

小千谷紬

Ojiya Pongee

織物

江戸時代中期に始まった養蚕とともに紬織物は始められました。江戸時代後期には、現在の群馬県にあたる上州や京都等の織物の盛んな所から生糸商人が商談に訪れるほどの産地でした。

Pongee was first produced here in the middle of the Edo period (1600-1868), when sericulture began. By the end of the same era, production had increased to such an extent that silk merchants came to do business from places which had their own flourishing weaving industry such as Kyoto and Joshu, the area that now corresponds to present-day Gunma prefecture.

新潟県

本塩沢

Shiozawa Fabrics

織物

本塩沢は、塩沢紬とともに塩沢産地の代表的な織物で、これまでは「塩沢お召(めし)」の名で広く親しまれていました。

Along with Shiozawa Tsumugi, Honshiozawa is a representative cloth from the Shiozawa area and has been well known by the name Shiozawa Omeshi for some time past. Its origins are said to date back to the middle of the 18th century and similarly to the crepe from Echigo, it is a silk crepe with a characteristic crimp, which makes use of linen weaving techniques.

新潟県

十日町絣

Tokamachi Ikat

織物

越後縮の絣技術が定着したのは、18世紀前半であるというのが定説になっています。

It seems likely that Echigo Chijimi's ikat techniques became established during the first half of the 18th century. However, it was not until the latter part of the 19th century that they were used for weaving a silk cloth, after a warp ikat had been successfully perfected.

新潟県

十日町明石ちぢみ

Tokamachi Akashi Crepe

織物

19世紀の終わり頃、京都の西陣の夏用の反物の見本を持ち帰り、もともとあった十日町透綾(とおかまちすきや)という織物の技術に応用して、新商品の試作研究が行われました。

Towards the end of the 19th century a sample roll of summer-weight kimono cloth was brought back to Tokamachi from Nishijin in Kyoto. Work then began on adapting an existing local weave called Tokamachi sukiya with a view to producing something new. A great deal of effort was then put into developing and improving the ways of tightly twisting up weft threads, resulting in improvements to another existing cloth, yorisukiya.

新潟県

村上木彫堆朱

Murakami Carved and Lacquered Ware

漆器

新潟県の村上地方は、平安時代から天然の漆の生産地として、広く知られています。

The Murakami area of Niigata Prefecture has been well known since the Heian period (794-1185) as a natural lacquer producing area. Using this refined sap, Murakami Kibori Tsuishu dates back to the beginning of the 15th century.

新潟県

新潟漆器

Niigata Lacquer Ware

漆器

江戸時代の初めに他の産地から漆塗り技術が伝わり、寛永15年(1638年)に現在の古町に椀店と呼ばれる塗り物の専売地域が定められて、保護政策がとられました。

Techniques were originally introduced from other centers where lacquer ware was being made at the beginning of 17th century but in 1638, a specialist area for the selling of japanned goods was established under the name of a ""bowl store"" in what is now Furumachi, and received official protection. By 1819, the craft was well enough established for a list of ""master lacquerers"" to be recorded.

新潟県

加茂桐簞笥

Kamo Paulowina Chests

木工品・竹工品

19世紀の初めに大工が製作したものが、加茂桐簞笥の始まりと伝えられています。箪笥の裏板に「文化11年(1814年)購入」と記された箪笥が現在でも市内で使用されています。

It seems that the making of Kamo Kiri Tansu began with one made by a carpenter in the early part of the 19th century. The very same chest is still being used in the city of Kamo today and it is inscribed on the back with ""Purchased 1814"".

新潟県

燕鎚起銅器

Tsubame Beaten Copperware

金工品

燕地方の銅器業は、江戸時代中期に、仙台の渡り職人がその技術を伝えたところから始まったとされています。地元の弥彦山から採れた銅を用いて、やかん類が生産されていました。

Beaten copper work really began in the Tsubame area during the middle of the Edo period (1600-1868) when specialists from Sendai in present-day Miyagi prefecture come to the area and passed on their skills. Kettles were some of the first articles made using copper from a locally mined source.

新潟県

越後与板打刃物

Echigo Yoita Forged Blades

金工品

戦国時代、上杉謙信の家臣が、16世紀の後半に春日山より刀作り職人を招き、打刃物を作ったのが始まりです。

The making of Echigo Yoita Uchihamono dates back to the Sengoku period (1428-1573) of unrest. It was then that warring feudal lords who fought alongside Uesugi Kenshin encouraged swordsmiths from Kasugayama into the area and these skilled men began making various kinds of forged blades.