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伝統的工芸品を探す

TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

沖縄県

久米島紬

Kumejima Pongee

織物

14世紀頃、南方貿易によりインドをルーツとする製織法が伝えられました。

Originating in India, this method of weaving was introduced into Japan around the 14th century along eastern trade routes.

沖縄県

宮古上布

Miyako Fine Ramie

織物

今から400年前、琉球の貢物を載せた船が台風に遭い、沈没しそうになったところに、ちょうど乗り合わせていた宮古島の男が、勇敢に海に飛び込み、船の壊れた所を直して、乗組員全員の命を救いました。

Four hundred years ago, a boat carrying Okinawan tributes was caught in a typhoon. A man, who happened to be on board from Miyakojima called Sugamayonin Shin'ei, heroically dived into the sea when the boat was about to sink and repaired the damage thus saving the lives of all the crew. Recognizing his bravery, the King of Ryukyu made him a monk. In return, Shin'ei's wife was overjoyed and lovingly wove a piece of cloth to give to the King, and it was this cloth that is said to be the origin of Miyako Jofu.

沖縄県

読谷山花織

Yuntanza Hana-ui Fabrics

織物

花織独特のデザインから、南方から渡って来たものと考えられていますが、その時期は不明です。

Although it is uncertain actually when, some people think that this type of weaving came from the South because of its very particular floral designs. What is certain, however, is that the cloth was being produced in the 15th century because records show that gifts of this figured cloth were sent to Korea.There are also records of the cloth being presented to the King of Ryukyu from Java.

沖縄県

読谷山ミンサー

Yuntanza Minsaa

織物

始まりは読谷山花織と同時期で、南国の影響が強い製品です。一時、生産が途絶えてしまいましたが、昔のことを良く知っているお年寄りによって復活されました。

The weaving of this cloth started about the same time as the Yomitanzan Hanaori Fabrics and is similarly characterized by its tropical feel and motifs. Production ceased for a time but was revived by elderly people who knew the techniques involved.

沖縄県

琉球絣

Ryukyu Ikat

織物

沖縄の織物の始まりは、14~15世紀の中国や東南アジアとの交易がきっかけとされています。

The roots of this cloth go back to the 14th and 15th centuries when there were exchanges and trade with China and countries in South East Asia. These kimono cloths are mainly a kasuri or ikat type with repeated patterns of a tropical flavor. Despite its long history, it was not until about 1920 that a fully fledged center for weaving was established. Since then traditional skills and techniques peculiar to this weave have become more widespread in use and continue to this day.

沖縄県

首里織

Shuri Fabrics

織物

14~15世紀の琉球王国は、東南アジアや中国と盛んに交易を行い、その交流により織の技術を学びました。その後幾百年の年月を積み重ね、沖縄の気候風土に育まれた、様々な個性を持つ琉球織物が生み出されました。

Trade flourished between the kingdom of Ryukyu and China and South East Asia during the 14th and 15th centuries and weaving techniques were learned through these exchanges. Nurtured by the Okinawan climate and developed over the centuries, a number of textiles, each with their own characteristic traits, came into being. One of these was a cloth produced in Shuri.

沖縄県

与那国織

Yonaguni Fabrics

織物

与那国島は日本の最西端にある国境の島です。この島に生まれた織物の歴史は古く、古い文献からおおよそ500年の歴史があると考えられています。

Situated on the extreme western boundary of Japan, records show that weaving on Yonaguni Island dates back some 500 years, and cloth was already being paid as a tax during the 1520s. During the difficult times after World War II, fishing nets were unraveled to provide yarn for this cloth, which is still woven by the women, who devote so much time producing this cloth that is very representative of the island's natural environment.

沖縄県

喜如嘉の芭蕉布

Kijoka Banana Fiber Cloth

織物

芭蕉布は、13世紀頃にはすでに作られていたと考えられますが、人々の間に広まったのは近世になってからのことです。

It seems that banana fiber cloth was already being made around the 13th century but it was much later that it became popular. In the old days banana trees were planted in gardens and fields, and the womenfolk of a family wove it into fabric for home use. Silk and cotton became much more readily available during the 19th century but people still enjoyed wearing banana fiber cloth. Kijoka no Bashofu, which carries on these traditions, was designated as a cultural property by the Prefecture in 1972 and two years later in 1974 it was made an important intangible cultural property by the nation.

沖縄県

八重山ミンサー

Yaeyama Minsaa

織物

アフガニスタンから中国を経て伝わり、王府時代の16世紀初め頃、木綿布(ミンサー)の使用が記されていることから、

There are records confirming that a cotton cloth or minsaa which had originated in Afghanistan and had been brought to the Ryukyus from China was in use at the beginning of the 16th century at the Ryukyu court. It seems fairly certain, therefore, that minsaa was already being woven in the Yaeyama area about this time. The name minsaa is derived from min meaning cotton and saa meaning narrow band.

沖縄県

八重山上布

Yaeyama Ramie

織物

17世紀初めに現在の鹿児島県西部にあたる薩摩に琉球が侵攻され、課せられるようになった人頭税のために織ることを強制されたことが、八重山上布の技術の向上につながりました。

Satsuma was one of the old provinces occupying what is now the western part of Kagoshima Prefecture at the southern end of Kyushu. Forces from Satsuma invaded Ryukyu in 1609 and the compulsory weaving of Yaeyama Jofu to pay a poll tax that was levied, in turn led to an improvement of techniques.

沖縄県

知花花織

Chibana Hanaori

織物

古くから、旧美里村(現在の沖縄市の知花、登川、池原等の地域)で盛んに織られていた知花花織は、経浮花織の技法を駆使した紋織物の一種で、19世紀後半には既に技術・技法が確立し、明治時代以降も祭事用のウッチャキ(上着)、ティサージ(手巾)、ドゥジン(胴衣)、着物などが織り続けられていました。第二次世界大戦で壊滅的な打撃を受けましたが、知花花織の衣装は、五穀豊穣や無病息災を祈願する伝統行事(ウスデーク)で、現在も着用されています。

Since ancient times, Chibana Hanaori has been woven in the former Misato-son (currently the Chibana, Noborikawa, and Ikehara regions of Okinawa City).

沖縄県

南風原花織

織物

南風原花織は、明治時代以降、沖縄県南風原町において生産されている織物です。組織織で構成された花のように美しい立体的な柄には、クヮンクヮン花織・チップガサー・喜屋武八枚等独特の名称や模様が存在します。