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伝統的工芸品を探す

TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

山形県

置賜紬

Oitama Pongee

織物

置賜紬の始まりは、8世紀初めに遡ります。江戸時代初めに、領主の上杉景勝が奨励したことで産地としての体制が整いました。

While dating back to the 8th century, the weaving of this cloth did not become firmly established in this area of Yamagata Prefecture until the beginning of the 17th century. This was when Uesugi Keisho, the lord of the fief, encouraged its weaving.

山形県 新潟県

羽越しな布

Uetsu Shinafu

織物

日本では、遠く縄文や弥生時代から山野に自生する科(しな)、楮(こうぞ)、楡(にれ)、藤(ふじ)、葛(くず)、苧麻(ちょま)などの草木から取り出した繊維で糸を作り、自家用として布に織り上げ衣装や装飾品などに利用してきました。

In Japan, ever since the Jomon and Yayoi periods, people have made thread from fiber derived from plants and trees that grow naturally in the mountains such as Japanese linden, mulberry, elm, wisteria, kudzu, and ramie, and used this thread to weave fabric and make clothing and ornaments for private home use.

山形県

山形鋳物

Yamagata Metal Casting

金工品

平安時代の中頃に、山形地方で起こった乱を治めるため、源頼義がこの地方を転戦しました。

In the middle of the Heian period (794-1185), Minamoto Yoriyoshi fought a number of battles in the Yamagata area in an effort to quell various uprisings. The metal casters, who were part and parcel of the army and operations, discovered that the quality of the sand in the river flowing through Yamagata city and the earth in present-day Chitose park were ideal for casting. Some of those casters settled in the area and became the founders of Yamagata metal casting.

山形県

山形仏壇

Yamagata Household Buddhist Altars

仏壇・仏具

江戸時代中期、紅花等を取引するようになったことから、京都方面からの人の行き来が多くなり、京都から仏壇、仏具作りの文化が入ってきました。

By the middle of the Edo period (1600-1868), the number of people travelling to and from Kyoto had increased because of the trade in such crops as safflower from Yamagata. As a result, Buddhist altar culture found its way into the area.

山形県

天童将棋駒

Tendo Japanese Chess Pieces

その他の工芸品

江戸時代後期に、この地方を治めていた織田藩が財政に苦しんでいた時に、それを救済するために下級武士に駒作りの内職を勧めたことが始まりです。

When the fortunes of the Oda clan controlling this area of northern Japan were failing toward the end of the Edo period (1600-1868), an attempt to improve matters was made by engaging lower ranking warriors in the making of shoji chess pieces, from which the craft developed.