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伝統的工芸品を探す

TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

岐阜県

飛騨春慶

Hida Shunkei Lacquer Ware

漆器

江戸時代の初め、高山城下で神社や寺作りをしていた大工の棟梁(とうりょう)が、たまたま打ち割ったサワラの木の美しい木目を発見し、

The origins of this distinctive lacquer ware were the result of a chance discovery. At the beginning of the 17th century, a head carpenter who worked on the building of temples and shrines in the castle town of Takayama, was surprised to find that when he literally peeled a piece of sawara cypress apart, it produced an interesting textural effect. He made it up into a tray and lightly lacquered the surfaces.

東京都

東京銀器

Tokyo Silversmithery

金工品

江戸時代中期に、彫金師の彫刻する器物の生地の作り手として、銀師(しろがねし)と呼ばれる銀器職人や、櫛、かんざし、神興(みこし)金具等を作る金工師と呼ばれる飾り職人が登場したことが「東京銀器」の始まりでした。

This craft began during the 18th century with the emergence of three kinds of skilled workers of precious metals. First there was the shirogane-shi, who fashioned articles that were then skillfully chased by masters of this technique; and then there were skilled metal workers who made such things as combs, hairpins (kanzashi) and the decorative metal fittings for the portable shrines or mikoshi.

三重県

四日市萬古焼

Yokaichi Banko Ware

陶磁器

約260年前、江戸時代中期の大商人に沼波弄山という人物がいました。茶の湯に詳しく陶芸を趣味にしていた弄山が、自分の作品が永遠に伝わるように願いを込め、「萬古不易(ばんこふえき)」の印を押したのが、萬古焼の名の由来です。こうして生まれた萬古焼は、弄山の死とともに一時中断してしまいましたが、江戸時代後期になって、再び焼かれるようになりました。

Some 260 years ago there lived a wealthy merchant, Nunami Rozan. He was a knowledgeable exponent of tea and was interested in pottery. In fact, the name Banko-yaki or Banko ware originates from pieces he made himself. He stamped them with bankofueki, or literally "eternity, constancy", hoping they would be handed down through endless generations after he was gone.

京都府

京うちわ

Kyoto Round Fans

その他の工芸品

京うちわの始まりは、南北朝時代に遡ります。当時、明と呼ばれていた中国や朝鮮沿岸地を荒らし回っていた倭寇(わこう)という日本人の海賊によって、西日本にもたらされた朝鮮団扇(ちょうせんうちわ)が紀州から大和を経て、京都の貴族の別荘地であった深草に伝わったのが始まりと言われています。

Kyo Uchiwa go back to the period in Japanese history known as the Northern and Southern Dynasties (1333-92). It is said that round fans from Korea were brought back to western Japan by wako, Japanese pirates who were constantly raiding the coast of Ming dynasty China and Korea at the time. These imported fans then found their way up through the Kishu to Nara and then onto Fukakusa where aristocrats from Kyoto had their country villas.

群馬県

桐生織

Kiryu Textiles

織物

1200年ほど昔、宮中に仕える白滝姫が桐生の山田家に嫁に来て、村人に養蚕や機(はた)織りを伝えたのが始まりと言われています。

It is said that Kiryu Ori go back some 1,200 years, to when Princess Shirataki, who served at the Imperial Court, went to live in Kiryu after she married into the Yamada family and taught the art of sericulture and weaving to the people of the village.

和歌山県

紀州へら竿

Kishu Herazao

木工品・竹工品

紀州へら竿は、竿師の高い技術力で作られるへら鮒用の釣り竿です。

Kishu Herazao are fishing rods for catching crucian carp created by master rod craftsmen.

熊本県

小代焼

Shodai Ware

陶磁器

寛永9年(1632年)細川忠利が豊前国から肥後国に転封となり、これに従った陶工源七(牝小路家初代)と八左衛門(葛城家初代)が焼物師を命じられ、小代焼を始めたといわれています。

When Hosokawa Tadatoshi moved from the fief of Buzen to take control of the fief of Higo in 1632, two master potters were appointed. One of these was Genhichi, the first of a long line of potters of the Hinkoji family, and the other was Hachizaemon, the first of successive generations of potters from the Katsuragi family. It was the appointment of these two men that is said to have marked the beginnings of the making of Shodai Yaki.

山形県

置賜紬

Oitama Pongee

織物

置賜紬の始まりは、8世紀初めに遡ります。江戸時代初めに、領主の上杉景勝が奨励したことで産地としての体制が整いました。

While dating back to the 8th century, the weaving of this cloth did not become firmly established in this area of Yamagata Prefecture until the beginning of the 17th century. This was when Uesugi Keisho, the lord of the fief, encouraged its weaving.

新潟県

越後三条打刃物

Echigo Sanjo Uchi Hamono

金工品

農業に必要な道具として、中世より「鎌」「鍬」等の製造を行い、閑散期の農家の副業として始まった「和釘」作りを経て、「包丁」「鉋」 「鑿」「木鋏」「切出小刀」「鉞」など多くの種類の打刃物を作るようになりました。

Production of essential farm implements such as sickles and hoes have been in production since the middle ages. Creation of Japanese nails began as a side job for farmers in the off season, and this evolved into the creation of many types of blades including kitchen knives, planes for carving wood, chisels, pruning shears, utility knives, axes, and more types of blades.

京都府

京友禅

Kyoto Yuzen Dyeing

染色品

染色技法は8世紀から伝わり、手描友禅は江戸時代に京都の絵師宮崎友禅斉によって確立されたと伝えられています。扇絵師として人気の高かった宮崎友禅斉が、自分の画風をデザインに取り入れ、模様染めの分野に生かしたことで「友禅染め」が生まれました。

Although dyeing techniques had existed since the 8th century, it is said that the yuzen technique of painting dye directly onto cloth was established by Miyazaki Yuzensai, a popular fan painter living in Kyoto toward the end of the 17th century. He introduced his own style of painting as a way of rendering pattern and this led to the birth of this handpainted dyeing technique.

兵庫県

出石焼

Izushi Ware

陶磁器

江戸時代中期に地元で大量の白磁の原石が発見されたことから、藩主の援助を受け今の佐賀県有田町の陶工を招いて、出石の城下町で磁器作りをしたのが始まりとされています。

Large quantities of kaolin were discovered in the area during the 18th century. With the help of the local feudal lord, potters skilled in the making of porcelain from Arita in present-day Saga Prefecture were brought in to help, and the porcelain made in the castle town of Izushi marked the beginnings of this ware. Subsequently, the number of kilns increased in and around this castle town and a production center became established.

福井県

越前箪笥

Echizen Tansu

木工品・竹工品

江戸時代後期より製造されており、ケヤキ、キリ等の木材を独自の指物技術により加工した後、漆塗りを施し、鉄製金具で装飾する重厚な製品造りを行っています。

Production began in the late Edo period. Zelkova, pawlonia, and other wood is processed using a unique joinery method, then covered in lacquer, and ornamented with metal fittings to create stately products.