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伝統的工芸品を探す

TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

山梨県

甲州印伝

Koshu Lacquered Deerhide

その他の工芸品

江戸時代末期に、現在の山梨県の甲府市にあたる地域を中心にして産地が形成されました。

Deerhide craft products were being made in the area centered on the city of Kofu in present-day Yamanashi Prefecture during the 19th century. By the end of the same century, it is known that deerhide draw-string money bags and purses were well known among people at large as reference is made to them in Tokaidochu Hizakurige, a humorous book published in the 19th century.

高知県

土佐打刃物

Tosa Forged Blades

金工品

天正18年(1590年)土佐一国を総地検した、長宗我部地検帳に、399軒の鍛冶屋がいたことが記されています。土佐打刃物の本格的な隆盛は、江戸時代初期土佐藩による、元和改革(1621年)から始まります。

Records show that at the end of the 16th century there were some 400 smiths at work in Tosa. While they were skilled in the making of the samurai sword, they also seem to have made sickles and knives at the request of local farmers. Subsequently, with the promotion of forestry and the development of new fields in the area, bladed tools for agriculture and forestry were made in large quantities and a production center for forged goods came into being.

和歌山県

紀州へら竿

Kishu Herazao

木工品・竹工品

紀州へら竿は、竿師の高い技術力で作られるへら鮒用の釣り竿です。

Kishu Herazao are fishing rods for catching crucian carp created by master rod craftsmen.

愛知県

三河仏壇

Mikawa Household Buddhist Altars

仏壇・仏具

三河仏壇の始まりは、江戸時代中期に遡ります。仏壇師が、矢作川の水運を利用して得られるマツ、スギ、ヒノキの良材と三河北部の猿投(さるなげ)山麓で採れた漆を材料として、仏壇を作ったのが始まりだと言われています。

Mikawa Butsudan date back to the middle of the 18th century. It was then that a certain altar maker made an altar using good pine, cedar and cypress that was brought down the Yasakugawa river and finished his work using natural lacquer tapped from trees at the foot of Mt. Sarunage in the north of Mikawa.

大阪府

堺打刃物

Sakai Forged Blades

金工品

16世紀の中頃、ポルトガル人によって鉄砲、たばこが伝来しました。16世紀の後半には、たばこの葉を刻む「たばこ包丁」が堺で作られるようになり、徳川幕府は堺に「極印」という品質証明の印を与え、専売を許可したために、堺刃物の切れ味と名声は全国各地へと広がりました。

Guns and tobacco were introduced into Japan in the middle of the 16th century by the Portuguese. By the end of that century, small tobacco knives were being forged in Sakai and the Tokugawa Shogunate awarded the forgers of Sakai a special seal of approval and guarantee of their quality.

福島県

会津本郷焼

Aizu Hongo Ware

陶磁器

戦国時代に、会津若松の黒川城(若松城)の屋根に使う瓦を焼いたことから、焼き物作りが始まったと言われています。江戸時代の初期には、会津藩の藩主が、焼き物作りを保護、育成したため、会津本郷焼は、会津藩の御用窯として栄えました。その後、一般の人々のための暮らしの器の製造も始まりました。

It seems that the making of pottery started here during the Sengoku period (1428-1573), when tiles to roof a castle in Aizuwakamatsu were being made. Then, during the early years of the Edo period (1600-1868) Hoshina Masayuki, who led the Aizu clan, saw a need to patronize and further the making of pottery, and the production of what became Aizu Hongo Yaki ware flourished under the supervision of the clan. This subsequently led to the making of everyday pieces of pottery for use by people at large. Production of ceramics here suffered badly due to fighting just prior to the Meiji Restoration in 1868 and as a result of a devastating fire in the Taisho period (1912-1926). The industry recovered, however, and is still thriving today. It has the distinction of being the oldest area where white porcelain is produced in the whole of northeastern Japan.

長野県

信州紬

Shinshu Pongee

織物

信州紬の始まりは、奈良時代に織られていた「あしぎぬ」まで遡ります。

The origins of Shinshu Tsumugi go back to a silk cloth called ashiginu that was woven in the Nara period (710-794). Because of the rivalry and encouragement that the clans in the province of Shinshu were given, sericulture was very popular and the production of pongee throughout the province flourished, and every year large quantities of cloth were dispatched to Kyoto.

沖縄県

読谷山花織

Yuntanza Hana-ui Fabrics

織物

花織独特のデザインから、南方から渡って来たものと考えられていますが、その時期は不明です。

Although it is uncertain actually when, some people think that this type of weaving came from the South because of its very particular floral designs. What is certain, however, is that the cloth was being produced in the 15th century because records show that gifts of this figured cloth were sent to Korea.There are also records of the cloth being presented to the King of Ryukyu from Java.

山口県

赤間硯

Akama Inkstones

文具

赤間硯は鎌倉時代の初めに、鶴岡八幡宮に奉納されたという記録があります。江戸時代中期には各地で売り広められました。

Records exist showing that an Akama Suzuri was offered at the Tsuruoka Hachimangu Shrine in Kamakura at the beginning of the Kamakura period (1185-1333). By the middle of the Edo period (1600-1868) these inkstones were being sold up and down the country.

大分県

別府竹細工

Beppu Bamboo Basketry

木工品・竹工品

室町時代に行商用の籠を作って売り出したのが始まりとされています。江戸時代には、別府温泉の名が広まり、温泉の客が滞在中に使う台所用品が作られました。これらが土産物として持ち帰られるようになるにつれ、竹細工がたくさん作られるようになり、別府周辺の地場産業となりました。

The making of bamboo baskets for sale by travelling peddlers during the Muromachi period (1392-1573), marked the beginnings of this craft.

岡山県

勝山竹細工

Katsuyama Bamboo Basketry

木工品・竹工品

勝山竹細工は19世紀の初頭に始まり、江戸時代末期には産地としての形が整っていたと言えます。

Essentially speaking, Katsuyama Take Zaiku started at the beginning of the 19th century but became an established area of production at the end of the Edo Period (1600-1868), when baskets known as harisouke were made. These are thought to be associated with souke and meshizouke baskets that are still being made today and form the main bulk of production, which maintains the standards of a practical craft product throughout.

京都府

京人形

Kyoto Art Dolls

人形・こけし

人形は天児(あまがつ)、這子(ほうこ)等、子供の身に悪いことが起きないように願って、子供の身代わりに悪いことを引き受けるものとして用いられたのが始まりと言われます。

It is though that dolls were first made in the belief that any evil that might affect a child would instead afflict the doll. As time went by such dolls as amagatsu and houko evolved into what became the prototype of hina dolls with which children of imperial and noble families played during the Heian period (794-1185).