• Home
  • 伝統的工芸品を探す

伝統的工芸品を探す

TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

広島県

福山琴

Fukuyama Koto

その他の工芸品

福山琴の始まりは、江戸時代初期に福山城が築かれた頃と言われています。江戸の城下町では、芸事が盛んで、福山でも歴代藩主の奨励もあって歌謡、音曲が盛んに行われました。

It seems likely that the making of Fukuyama Koto started at the time of the erection of a castle at the beginning of the Edo period (1600-1868) in Fukuyama, which is now a city in Hiroshima Prefecture. Craft industries flourished in castle towns during the Edo period, and with encouragement from the feudal lord at the time, both accompanied and unaccompanied songs were very popular in Fukuyama.

東京都

江戸硝子

Edo Glass

その他の工芸品

江戸硝子は、明治初めに東京・品川の官営工場(品川硝子製造所)において導入された西洋式硝子製造技術により、東京を中心に産業として発展した工芸品であり、主に「宙吹き」「型吹き」「押し型」の3つの製法で作られています。

Edo glass began in the early Meiji period when the Shinagawa Glass Works, a government managed factory in Shinagawa Tokyo, imported glass manufacturing technology from the west.

沖縄県

久米島紬

Kumejima Pongee

織物

14世紀頃、南方貿易によりインドをルーツとする製織法が伝えられました。

Originating in India, this method of weaving was introduced into Japan around the 14th century along eastern trade routes.

兵庫県

出石焼

Izushi Ware

陶磁器

江戸時代中期に地元で大量の白磁の原石が発見されたことから、藩主の援助を受け今の佐賀県有田町の陶工を招いて、出石の城下町で磁器作りをしたのが始まりとされています。

Large quantities of kaolin were discovered in the area during the 18th century. With the help of the local feudal lord, potters skilled in the making of porcelain from Arita in present-day Saga Prefecture were brought in to help, and the porcelain made in the castle town of Izushi marked the beginnings of this ware. Subsequently, the number of kilns increased in and around this castle town and a production center became established.

愛媛県

大洲和紙

Ozu Paper

和紙

伊予の紙は平安時代に書かれた「延喜式(えんぎしき)」に出てきます。史実では、江戸時代中期に僧が大洲藩の紙漉(す)きの師として、技術を指導したところから藩内産業として紙作りが栄えたとあります。

While mention is made of an Iyo paper in the Engishiki, an official document on court protocol written in the Heian period (794-1185), hard facts about Ozu Washi do not exist until the 18th century. The monk, Zennoshin was responsible for teaching people how to make paper, when he came to one of the villages of the Ozu clan, and what developed into a craft industry flourished under the protection and patronage of the clan.

鳥取県

弓浜絣

Yumihama Ikat

織物

鳥取県西部の弓ガ浜地方では、17世紀の後半に砂地を利用した自家用としての綿の生産が始まりました。染料のもととなる藍玉の問屋が設けられた18世紀の中頃には、綿を原料とした繊維である木綿の生産が増加しました。

The cultivation of cotton for home use on the sandy soil in the area of Yumigahama in the western part of Tottori Prefecture started in the latter half of the 17th century. When wholesalers of the indigo balls used for dyeing became established in the middle of the 18th century, cotton production for cloth increased.

鹿児島県

薩摩焼

Satsuma Ware

陶磁器

薩摩焼は、文禄・慶長の役の頃、当時の藩主島津氏が朝鮮から連れ帰った李朝の陶工たちによってはじめられました。

The origins of Satsuma Yaki date back to the 16th century. The local feudal lord, Shimazu, returned from the Korean peninsular with some potters who helped to get things started.

和歌山県

紀州簞笥

Kishu Paulownia Chests

木工品・竹工品

江戸時代後期に、落雷によって和歌山城の天守閣等が炎上し、多くの道具類が灰になってしまいました。

At the end of the Edo period (1600-1868), the tower of Wakayama Castle was destroyed when it was struck by lightening and much of the furniture was burnt to ashes. Records show that when the castle tower was rebuilt four years later, the chests and other cabinets, which had been lost in the fire, were remade. Further more, old books and chests dating back to the mid-19th century have also been discovered in town houses all over Wakayama Prefecture.

石川県

七尾仏壇

Nanao Household Buddhist Altars

仏壇・仏具

古文書等には、蒔絵道具や金粉、切金道具、金銀箔等仏壇作りに関係のある言葉が、書かれていました。

Various words associated with the making of household Buddhist altars appear in an ancient document called Ofuregaki between 1613 and 1703. In one dating back to 1688, there is mention of maki-e-dogu, kinpun and kirigane, all things associated with maki-e decorative lacquer techniques or gilding. There is also a reference to silver leaf in the same document dating back to 1669.

鹿児島県

本場大島紬

Oshima Pongee

織物

奄美における大島紬の始まりは、7世紀頃に遡ります。産地が形成されたのは18世紀初期のことで、その後、技法は鹿児島にも伝わりました。絣模様は締め機(しめはた)という独特の機を用いて作られます。糸を染める「泥染め」の技法は特に有名です。

The origins of this cloth woven on the Amami islands near Okinawa dates back to the 7th century. It was not until the beginning of the 18th century, however, that the craft took on the guise of an industry and its techniques were subsequently handed on to those working in Kagoshima Prefecture.

滋賀県

彦根仏壇

Hikone Household Buddhist Altars

仏壇・仏具

江戸時代中期に彦根藩では、高度な技術を持つ武具師・塗師(ぬし)・細工師に、武具の製作を辞めて仏壇の製造に携わるように勧めたため、その頃から小規模な家内工業として仏壇作りが始まりました。

Gradually during the 18th century, highly skilled armorers, lacquerers and other artisans were encouraged by the Hikone clan to work on the making of household altars, at first more or less as a ""cottage industry"". Subsequently with the rise in popularity of Buddhism and the patronage of the Hikone clan, a production center became established, forming the foundations of the small craft industry as it exists today.

京都府

西陣織

Nishijin Textiles

織物

西陣という名は、室町時代の応仁の乱の時、西軍が本陣とした場所に、乱の後、職人が集まって織物をしたことから付けられました。織物の歴史としては、平安時代以前に秦氏によってもたらされた織技術にまで遡ることができます。西陣織は宮廷文化を中心に、織文化の担い手として発展してきました。

The name Nishijin was given to these textiles because weavers settled in the area which had been the headquarters of the west camp or Nishijin at the time of the Onin War. Lasting eleven years, these hostilities took place during the Muromachi period (1392-1573) from 1467 to 1477, when lords from many provinces divided into east and west factions.