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伝統的工芸品を探す

TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

鳥取県

因州和紙

Inshu Paper

和紙

平安時代に書かれた「延喜式(えんぎしき)」に因幡(いなば)の国すなわち因州から朝廷に和紙が献上されたことが記されています。その後、17世紀前半には青谷町で、さらに18世紀前半には佐治村で、藩が使う御用紙として作られたのが、産地としての始まりとされています。

The fact that the imperial court was supplied with paper from the province of Inaba (Inshu) is noted in the Engishiki, the Heian period (794-1185) document on official court dealings. By the beginning of the 18th century, the making of Inshu Washi had become centered on two villages and a paper for the exclusive use of the local clan was being produced.

岩手県

南部鉄器

Nambu Cast Ironwork

金工品

17世紀初め、現在の岩手県盛岡市を中心とした地域を支配していた南部藩が、盛岡に京都から茶釜職人を招いたのが始まりです。

Present-day Morioka is at the center of an area which was controlled by the Nambu clan at the beginning of the 17th century. It was then that craftsmen practiced in the art of making chagama or pots used to heat water for the tea ceremony were invited to Morioka from Kyoto. Many more casters were subsequently engaged by the clan and the production of weapons, chagama , and other pots began in earnest.

福島県

奥会津昭和からむし織

Oku-Aizu Showa Karamushi Textiles

織物

からむしは、苧麻とも呼ばれる植物であり、その栽培技術を古来より伝承している。

Karamushi is a plant also known as ramie, whose cultivation techniques have been passed down since olden times. All processes from cultivation up to weaving karamushi are done by hand in Showa Village where it is cultivated to produce fine linen textiles. Due to its superior moisture absorption and quick drying properties, it is used not only for making summer clothing, but also for making accessories, ornaments, and other articles.

茨城県

笠間焼

Kasama Ware

陶磁器

笠間焼は江戸時代の中期に箱田(現在は笠間市内)の職人が信楽焼の陶工の指導で窯を焼いたのが始まりとされています。明治時代に廃藩置県で笠間藩がなくなるまで、藩の保護・奨励を受けていました。

Kasama Yaki started in the middle of the Edo period (1600-1868) and was influenced by the feudal system until the abolition of the clans and the establishment of prefectures in the Meiji period (1868-1912).

京都府

京くみひも

Kyoto Kumihimo Braids

その他繊維製品

縄文時代の暮らしでは、撚(よ)りひもや簡単なくみひもが使われていました。

Both twisted cord and simple braided cord were used in everyday life during the Jomon period (ca. 10,000 - ca. 300 B.C). Kyoto braided cord is reported to have appeared in the Heian period (794-1185) but techniques in the making of practical braided cord developed in the Kamakura period (1185-1333) as the use of armor increased. Production of cord for haori, short kimono jackets, started in the Edo period (1600-1868).

佐賀県

唐津焼

Karatsu Ware

陶磁器

唐津焼の始まりについては、いくつかの説がありますが、16世紀の終わりにはすでに焼かれていたとされています。

Although disputed, it seems likely that Karatsu Yaki was being made in this area even before the 1592 campaigns to Korea. The name is abbreviated from a ware made in the area of Matsuura where there were a number of kilns producing Taku kokaratsu, Hirado kokaratsu, and Takeo kokaratsu. It was, however, the ware from the Matsuura kokaratsu kiln that finally gave its name to this particular style of pottery.

京都府

京扇子

Kyoto Folding Fans

その他の工芸品

扇の始まりは平安時代初期に遡ります。当時使用されていた「木簡」という木の細く薄い板を何枚かつなげて、現在の扇の形にしたものが始まりだと考えられています。

Folding fans date back to the beginning of the Heian period (794-1185). It is thought that the first ones were shaped very much like the fans we know today but they were made out of several thin leaves of wood tied together. These fans were called hi-ogi because they were made out of hinoki or Japanese cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa).

長野県

信州打刃物

Shinshu Forged Blades

金工品

16世紀後半に起きた川中島合戦当時、この地方を行き来して武具・刀剣類の修理をしていた刃物作りの職人から、里の人々が鍛冶の技術を習得したのが始まりと言われています。

The origins of forged blades in this area go back to the second half of the 16th century, to the time of the Kawanakajima battles. It was at this time that swordsmiths and others making and repairing weapons moved into the area and the local people learned forging skills.

東京都

本場黄八丈

Kihachijo Fabrics

織物

その昔、本居宣長が「八丈という島の名はかの八丈絹より出ずるらむかし」と書き残しました。

It seems that the island of Kihachijo got its name from the Hachijo cloth, and the island was a supplier of silk right back in the Muromachi period (1392-1573). Since the middle of the 18th century, very elegant striped and checked cloths have been woven on the island, and these kimono cloths and obi still have many followers today.

熊本県

肥後象がん

Higo Inlay

金工品

寛永9(1632)年肥後国主として入国した細川忠利侯に仕えた林又七が、鉄砲や刀の鐔に象がんを施したのが祖とされます。

The roots of this craft go back to Hayashi Matashichi. With the support of the local feudal lord Hosokawa and his family, Hayashi was doing inlaid metal work on firearms and sword guards during the first half of the 17th century. Subsequently, as this craft became established, fine Higo sword guards were produced by generation after generation of the Hayashi family as well as by other families such as the Hiratas, Nishigakis, Shimizus and Kamiyoshis right through the Edo period (1600-1868), and many pieces of their work are still in existence. When the carrying of swords was outlawed in 1876, the Higo craftsmen turned their hand to decorative work and began making everyday items in line with the new social conditions.

徳島県

阿波和紙

Awa Paper

和紙

今から約1300年ほど前、忌部族という朝廷に仕えていた人たちが、麻やコウゾを植えて紙や布の製造を盛んにしたという記録が、9世紀の書物に見られ、ここに阿波和紙の歴史が始まります。

A 9th-century document confirms that the history of Awa Washi goes back some 1,300 years to times when a family known as Inbe serving the Imperial court, was growing flax and paper mulberry and producing cloth and paper.

大阪府

大阪唐木指物

Osaka Fine Cabinetry

木工品・竹工品

唐木製品は、奈良時代の遣唐使によって持ち帰られました。珍しい木が使われていたため、この木を唐の木、唐木と呼んだことが唐木指物のいわれです。

Fine rarewood cabinetry was brought to Japan by the envoys who visited Tang dynasty China, hence the name of these woods in Japanese is literally ""woods of Tang"" or karaki. During the Edo period (1600-1868) when foreign intrusions were mostly shunned, rarewoods come into the country via Nagasaki and they were distributed through a wholesaler of medicines in Osaka.