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伝統的工芸品を探す

TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

愛知県

岡崎石工品

Okazaki Stone Carving

石工品

始まりは室町時代後期に遡ります。その後、安土桃山時代には、現在の愛知県にあった岡崎城主が、城下町の整備のため河内、和泉の石工を招き、石垣や堀を造らせました。

The origins of this craft date back to the latter part of the Muromachi period (1391-1573). It was during the following Momoyama period (1573-1600), however, that the lord of Okazaki castle brought in skilled stone masons from Kawachi and Izumi to carry out some improvements to the surrounding town and had stone walls and moats built.

新潟県

小千谷紬

Ojiya Pongee

織物

江戸時代中期に始まった養蚕とともに紬織物は始められました。江戸時代後期には、現在の群馬県にあたる上州や京都等の織物の盛んな所から生糸商人が商談に訪れるほどの産地でした。

Pongee was first produced here in the middle of the Edo period (1600-1868), when sericulture began. By the end of the same era, production had increased to such an extent that silk merchants came to do business from places which had their own flourishing weaving industry such as Kyoto and Joshu, the area that now corresponds to present-day Gunma prefecture.

奈良県

高山茶筌

Takayama Tea Whisks

木工品・竹工品

室町時代中期、高山領主の子息が、茶道の創始者でもある村田珠光の依頼によって作ったものが始まりです。

The making of tea whisks began in the middle of the Muromachi period (1333-1568), when the younger son of the lord of Takayama was asked to make a whisk by Murata Juko, who had been instrumental in perfecting the tea ceremony. Thereafter, the production method was kept a guarded secret by the lord of the castle and his family and was carefully handed down from generation to generation.

埼玉県 東京都

江戸木目込人形

Edo Art Dolls

人形・こけし

江戸時代中期に、京都上賀茂神社で祭事に使う、柳筥(やなぎばこ)の材料である柳の木の残片で、神官が、木彫の小さな人形を作り溝を付けて、そこに神官の衣装の残りの布を挟んで着せ付けたのが始まりだと言われています。

In the middle of the Edo period (1600-1868), a priest called Takahashi Tadashige is said to have been very proud of a small wooden doll that he had carved from scraps of willow which were left over from boxes used in a festival at Kamigamo shrine in Kyoto. Then using remnants of fabric from his priest's clothing, he dressed the doll by inserting the ends of the fabric into the wooden torso.

和歌山県

紀州漆器

Kishu Lacquer Ware

漆器

室町から戦国時代に現在の滋賀県付近の木地師の集団がこの地に住みついて、豊富な紀州ヒノキを木地に、木の椀の製造を始めました。

Wood turners settled in the vicinity of present day Shiga Prefecture during the Muromachi period (1392-1573) and the turbulent times before the end of the 16th century. These craftsmen started making wooden soup bowls using the plentiful supplies of Japanese cypresses (Chamaecyparis Spach) found locally. This led to the production of shibujiwan bowls, which were primed with the tannin-rich juice extracted from persimmons.

埼玉県

春日部桐簞笥

Kasukabe Paulownia Chests

木工品・竹工品

江戸時代初期、日光東照宮を作るために集まった職人が、日光街道の宿場町である春日部に住みつき、周辺で採れるキリの木を材料とした指物や小物を作り始めたのが始まりであると伝えられています。

At the beginning of the Edo period (1600-1868), craftsmen who had gathered to build the Toshogu Shrine in Nikko, took up residence in Kasukabe, an inn town along the old Nikko post road. It is said that these craftsmen were responsible for starting this craft by making cabinets and small articles out of paulownia taken from the surrounding area.

沖縄県

喜如嘉の芭蕉布

Kijoka Banana Fiber Cloth

織物

芭蕉布は、13世紀頃にはすでに作られていたと考えられますが、人々の間に広まったのは近世になってからのことです。

It seems that banana fiber cloth was already being made around the 13th century but it was much later that it became popular. In the old days banana trees were planted in gardens and fields, and the womenfolk of a family wove it into fabric for home use. Silk and cotton became much more readily available during the 19th century but people still enjoyed wearing banana fiber cloth. Kijoka no Bashofu, which carries on these traditions, was designated as a cultural property by the Prefecture in 1972 and two years later in 1974 it was made an important intangible cultural property by the nation.

兵庫県

播州そろばん

Banshu Abacus

文具

そろばんは室町時代の終り頃、中国から長崎を経由して大津に伝わりました。

Coming first from China, the abacus was brought to Otsu from Nagasaki toward the end of the Muromachi period (1392-1573). It was during the following Momoyama period (1573-1600), when Toyotomi Hideyoshi sieged Miki castle, that the people of this small castle town fled to nearby Otsu, where some learned how to make the abacus. When they finally returned to their homeland, they began making what became the Banshu Soroban.

愛知県

常滑焼

Tokoname Ware

陶磁器

古常滑焼とも言われる常滑焼の原型は、平安時代末期まで遡ることができ、日本六古窯のひとつに数えられています。平安時代には、仏教のお経を書いたものを入れて地中に埋め、ご利益を願うための経塚壺(きょうづかつぼ)が作られていました。

Pieces representing the beginnings of Tokoname Yaki were made at the end of the Heian period (794-1185) and it is now counted among Japan's six old kilns. During the Heian period, Kyozuka urns were made in which to put Buddhist sutras before burial in the ground as a way of asking favors of the Buddha. During the Muromachi period (1392-1573), the pottery produced mainly tea bowls and other tea ceremony items as well as ikebana flower vases. Jars appeared in the middle of the Edo period (1600-1868) and normal household tableware started to be produced at the end of the Edo period alongside the prized tea ceremony pieces. Sanitary items such as drain-pipes, wash-hand basin and toilets, tiles and plant pots were added to the list of products in the Meiji period (1868-1912). Undoubtedly the vast range of products available today is the result of being a production center with plentiful supplies of good quality clay to hand, and because of the area's ability to change its line of main products in step with demand down through history.