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伝統的工芸品を探す

TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

東京都

江戸切子

Edo Cut Glass

その他の工芸品

天保5年(1834年)に、江戸の大伝馬町でビードロ屋を営んでいた加賀屋久兵衛という人物が、英国製のカットグラスを真似てガラスの表面に彫刻を施したのが始まりと言われています。

It is said that the origins of Edo Kiriko date back to 1834 when a Kagaya Kyubei, who was working in a small glass works in Edo (Tokyo), copied a piece of English cut glass. It also seems that Commodore Matthew Perry, who arrived in Japan toward the end of the Edo Period (1600-1868), was very surprised when he was presented with a splendid piece of Kagaya's cut glass.

京都府

京くみひも

Kyoto Kumihimo Braids

その他繊維製品

縄文時代の暮らしでは、撚(よ)りひもや簡単なくみひもが使われていました。

Both twisted cord and simple braided cord were used in everyday life during the Jomon period (ca. 10,000 - ca. 300 B.C). Kyoto braided cord is reported to have appeared in the Heian period (794-1185) but techniques in the making of practical braided cord developed in the Kamakura period (1185-1333) as the use of armor increased. Production of cord for haori, short kimono jackets, started in the Edo period (1600-1868).

新潟県

新潟・白根仏壇

Niigata Shirone Household Buddhist Altars

仏壇・仏具

江戸時代中期に、伽藍師(がらんし)という寺院を建てる専門家が、京都から技術・技法を取り入れて京形の仏壇を作り、さらに、自分の手で簡単な彫刻を施した「白木(しらき)仏壇」を完成させたのが始まりです。

A specialist, who was responsible for building a temple, introduced various skills and techniques from Kyoto to the area in the middle of the Edo period (1600-1868) and made Kyoto style household Buddhist altars. He also made a plain wooden altar, carving it in a simple manner himself. This was to be the forerunner of Niigata Shirone Butsudan.

奈良県

奈良筆

Nara Brushes

文具

奈良の筆作りの歴史は、今から1200年程前、空海が唐に渡った時に筆作りの方法を極め、日本に帰った後その技法を大和国の住人に伝えたことに始まります。

When the monk Kukai journeyed to China some 1,200 years ago, he made a study of brush making there and on his return, he passed on his knowledge to people living in the province of Yamatokoku that is now called Nara Prefecture. This marked the beginnings of brush making here.

山形県 新潟県

羽越しな布

Uetsu Shinafu

織物

日本では、遠く縄文や弥生時代から山野に自生する科(しな)、楮(こうぞ)、楡(にれ)、藤(ふじ)、葛(くず)、苧麻(ちょま)などの草木から取り出した繊維で糸を作り、自家用として布に織り上げ衣装や装飾品などに利用してきました。

In Japan, ever since the Jomon and Yayoi periods, people have made thread from fiber derived from plants and trees that grow naturally in the mountains such as Japanese linden, mulberry, elm, wisteria, kudzu, and ramie, and used this thread to weave fabric and make clothing and ornaments for private home use.

東京都

多摩織

Tama Fabrics

織物

現在の八王子にあたる地域では、平安時代末頃から絹が織られており、滝山紬や横山紬といった織物がありました。

Two silk cloths known as Takiyama pongee and Yokoyama pongee were being made toward the end of the 12th century, in the area of present-day Hachioji on the western edge of Tokyo.

東京都

江戸べっ甲

Edo Tortoiseshell

その他の工芸品

江戸べっ甲は、タイマイの甲羅を原料として、独自の鼈甲の張り合わせ技術を用いた工芸品。江戸期の関東地方においては、盛んに和装品が製造されており、現在では和洋装飾品、眼鏡等が製造されています。

Edo Tortoiseshell uses the shell of the hawksbill turtle and a unique technique to attach the pieces of tortoiseshell together. During the Edo period, accessories for kimono were produced in the Kanto region, and in the current day, acceccories for both kimono and Western clothing, as well as eyeglasses and other items are produced.

長野県

飯山仏壇

Iiyama Household Buddhist Altars

仏壇・仏具

寺の町飯山に、江戸時代初期から根づいた仏壇作りは、作業が細分化されて部品から組立まで地域内で一貫して生産されています。仕上師をかねた、仏壇の製造問屋ともいうべき仏壇店を中心として、産地が構成されています。

The making of Buddhist household altars became firmly established in the thriving religious community of Iiyama during the beginning of the 17th century. All of the work was done in the area by different craftsmen and then the whole thing was assembled.

鹿児島県

薩摩焼

Satsuma Ware

陶磁器

薩摩焼は、文禄・慶長の役の頃、当時の藩主島津氏が朝鮮から連れ帰った李朝の陶工たちによってはじめられました。

The origins of Satsuma Yaki date back to the 16th century. The local feudal lord, Shimazu, returned from the Korean peninsular with some potters who helped to get things started.

佐賀県

伊万里・有田焼

Imari-Arita Ware

陶磁器

16世紀末の豊臣秀吉による朝鮮出兵に参加していた佐賀藩主が、朝鮮から連れ帰った陶工の李参平によって、有田泉山に磁器の原料である陶石が発見されたのが伊万里・有田焼の始まりです。

The origins of Imari Arita Yaki date back to the end of the 16th century when the Saga clan, which had been involved in Toyotomi Hideyoshi's campaigns in Korea, brought back the potter, Li Sanpei who discovered porcelain stone at Mount Arita Izumi, in northern Kyushu. The porcelain that was subsequently made there was the first to be produced anywhere in Japan and was originally called Imari Yaki, simply because it was shipped through the port of Imari.

大阪府

大阪唐木指物

Osaka Fine Cabinetry

木工品・竹工品

唐木製品は、奈良時代の遣唐使によって持ち帰られました。珍しい木が使われていたため、この木を唐の木、唐木と呼んだことが唐木指物のいわれです。

Fine rarewood cabinetry was brought to Japan by the envoys who visited Tang dynasty China, hence the name of these woods in Japanese is literally ""woods of Tang"" or karaki. During the Edo period (1600-1868) when foreign intrusions were mostly shunned, rarewoods come into the country via Nagasaki and they were distributed through a wholesaler of medicines in Osaka.

愛知県

有松・鳴海絞

Arimatsu Narumi Shibori

染色品

絞の技法そのものは、奈良時代に始まったものですが、有松・鳴海絞が始められたのは、江戸時代の初め頃です。

Although the sophisticated technique of tie-dyeing called shibori itself dates back to the Nara period (710-794), the history of the craft here only goes back some 400 years, to when the feudal lord from the province of Bungo--now Oita Prefecture--was ordered to assist in the building of Nagoya castle.