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伝統的工芸品を探す

TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

新潟県

小千谷紬

Ojiya Pongee

織物

江戸時代中期に始まった養蚕とともに紬織物は始められました。江戸時代後期には、現在の群馬県にあたる上州や京都等の織物の盛んな所から生糸商人が商談に訪れるほどの産地でした。

Pongee was first produced here in the middle of the Edo period (1600-1868), when sericulture began. By the end of the same era, production had increased to such an extent that silk merchants came to do business from places which had their own flourishing weaving industry such as Kyoto and Joshu, the area that now corresponds to present-day Gunma prefecture.

新潟県

本塩沢

Shiozawa Fabrics

織物

本塩沢は、塩沢紬とともに塩沢産地の代表的な織物で、これまでは「塩沢お召(めし)」の名で広く親しまれていました。

Along with Shiozawa Tsumugi, Honshiozawa is a representative cloth from the Shiozawa area and has been well known by the name Shiozawa Omeshi for some time past. Its origins are said to date back to the middle of the 18th century and similarly to the crepe from Echigo, it is a silk crepe with a characteristic crimp, which makes use of linen weaving techniques.

新潟県

十日町絣

Tokamachi Ikat

織物

越後縮の絣技術が定着したのは、18世紀前半であるというのが定説になっています。

It seems likely that Echigo Chijimi's ikat techniques became established during the first half of the 18th century. However, it was not until the latter part of the 19th century that they were used for weaving a silk cloth, after a warp ikat had been successfully perfected.

新潟県

十日町明石ちぢみ

Tokamachi Akashi Crepe

織物

19世紀の終わり頃、京都の西陣の夏用の反物の見本を持ち帰り、もともとあった十日町透綾(とおかまちすきや)という織物の技術に応用して、新商品の試作研究が行われました。

Towards the end of the 19th century a sample roll of summer-weight kimono cloth was brought back to Tokamachi from Nishijin in Kyoto. Work then began on adapting an existing local weave called Tokamachi sukiya with a view to producing something new. A great deal of effort was then put into developing and improving the ways of tightly twisting up weft threads, resulting in improvements to another existing cloth, yorisukiya.

長野県

信州紬

Shinshu Pongee

織物

信州紬の始まりは、奈良時代に織られていた「あしぎぬ」まで遡ります。

The origins of Shinshu Tsumugi go back to a silk cloth called ashiginu that was woven in the Nara period (710-794). Because of the rivalry and encouragement that the clans in the province of Shinshu were given, sericulture was very popular and the production of pongee throughout the province flourished, and every year large quantities of cloth were dispatched to Kyoto.

石川県

牛首紬

Ushikubi Pongee

織物

牛首紬の名は、その生産地である白山の麓の牛首村(現在の石川県白峰村)の地名に由来します。平安時代末期の平治の乱で敗れた源氏の落人大畠氏が、牛首村に逃れて来て山城をかまえた時、同行していた大畠氏の妻たちが機(はた)織りに優れていたため、その技を村の女性たちに教えたところから始まったと伝えられています。文献では江戸時代初期の「毛吹草」の記述が最初です。江戸時代後期には全国に広く販売されたと言われており、昭和10年前後に生産のピークを迎えました。

Ushikubi Tsumugi is named after a village called Ushikubi, which lies at the foot of Mount Hakuzan, where this fabric is produced. This village is now called Shiramineson and is in present-day Ishikawa Prefecture.

滋賀県

近江上布

Omi Ramie

織物

愛知川の豊かな水と高い湿度といった環境や、近江商人の活躍等により、この地方では鎌倉時代から麻織物が発展しました。

Fostered by the well-known entrepreneurial spirit of Omi tradesmen, the hot local climate and a plentiful supply of water from the Aichi River, production of woven ramie cloth developed in this area from the Kamakura period (1185-1333).

京都府

西陣織

Nishijin Textiles

織物

西陣という名は、室町時代の応仁の乱の時、西軍が本陣とした場所に、乱の後、職人が集まって織物をしたことから付けられました。織物の歴史としては、平安時代以前に秦氏によってもたらされた織技術にまで遡ることができます。西陣織は宮廷文化を中心に、織文化の担い手として発展してきました。

The name Nishijin was given to these textiles because weavers settled in the area which had been the headquarters of the west camp or Nishijin at the time of the Onin War. Lasting eleven years, these hostilities took place during the Muromachi period (1392-1573) from 1467 to 1477, when lords from many provinces divided into east and west factions.

鳥取県

弓浜絣

Yumihama Ikat

織物

鳥取県西部の弓ガ浜地方では、17世紀の後半に砂地を利用した自家用としての綿の生産が始まりました。染料のもととなる藍玉の問屋が設けられた18世紀の中頃には、綿を原料とした繊維である木綿の生産が増加しました。

The cultivation of cotton for home use on the sandy soil in the area of Yumigahama in the western part of Tottori Prefecture started in the latter half of the 17th century. When wholesalers of the indigo balls used for dyeing became established in the middle of the 18th century, cotton production for cloth increased.

徳島県

阿波正藍しじら織

Awa Indigo Cotton

織物

阿波しじら織は、18世紀の末に阿波地方で盛んに織られていた「たたえ織」という木綿縞に、明治時代の初めに、改良が加えられて織られるようになったものです。

This Awa Shoai Shijira Ori was developed from a striped cotton cloth called tatae-ori that was being extensively woven throughout the Awa area at the end of the 18th century. Various reasons have been put forward as to why this development took place but it seems likely that is was the result of finding that when wet cloth was dried in the sun, it produced an interesting natural crepe effect.

福岡県

博多織

Hakata Textiles

織物

鎌倉時代、博多商人が僧侶とともに宋の時代の中国に渡り、織物技術を持ち帰ったのが始まりです。

During the Kamakura period (1185-1333), merchants from Hakata journeyed to Sung dynasty China with the founder of Joten-ji temple, Shoichi Kokushi, and the weaving techniques they brought back with them laid the foundations of Hakata Ori.

福岡県

久留米絣

Kurume Ikat

織物

19世紀初めに、一切れの木綿の古い布のかすれた糸をヒントに、12歳の少女によって始められました。

This type of cloth dates back to the beginning of the 19th century, when a 12 year old girl called Inoue Den was inspired by a scrap of old material. Later, the Kurume clan in the south west of present day Fukuoka Prefecture promoted its production.