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伝統的工芸品を探す

TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

京都府

京石工芸品

Kyoto Stone Carving

石工品

石と人間生活との関わり合いは、遠く石器時代から始まります。奈良時代後期、仏教の伝来によって石造文化が生まれました。

Although man's relationship with stone began long ago in the Stone Age, it was not until the end of the Nara period (710-794) when Buddhism was introduced into Japan that stone became more than just a utilitarian material.

大阪府

堺打刃物

Sakai Forged Blades

金工品

16世紀の中頃、ポルトガル人によって鉄砲、たばこが伝来しました。16世紀の後半には、たばこの葉を刻む「たばこ包丁」が堺で作られるようになり、徳川幕府は堺に「極印」という品質証明の印を与え、専売を許可したために、堺刃物の切れ味と名声は全国各地へと広がりました。

Guns and tobacco were introduced into Japan in the middle of the 16th century by the Portuguese. By the end of that century, small tobacco knives were being forged in Sakai and the Tokugawa Shogunate awarded the forgers of Sakai a special seal of approval and guarantee of their quality.

愛知県

名古屋桐簞笥

Nagoya Paulownia Chests

木工品・竹工品

名古屋桐簞笥は約400年前、名古屋城の築城に携わった職人たちが城下町に住みついて、箪笥や長持等を作ったのが始まりと言われています。徳川幕府の全国統一の後、人々の暮らしや経済が安定してくると、織物の生産が急増し、衣服も豊かになりました。高級呉服が一般の人々の手に入るようになるのとともに、それまでの収納家具にかわって機能的で合理的な箪笥が必要になってきました。

It seems likely that the making of this distinctive style of paulownia chest was begun in Nagoya by craftsmen who, having been involved in the building of Nagoya castle some 400 years ago, settled there and began making chest of drawers and chests.

愛媛県

大洲和紙

Ozu Paper

和紙

伊予の紙は平安時代に書かれた「延喜式(えんぎしき)」に出てきます。史実では、江戸時代中期に僧が大洲藩の紙漉(す)きの師として、技術を指導したところから藩内産業として紙作りが栄えたとあります。

While mention is made of an Iyo paper in the Engishiki, an official document on court protocol written in the Heian period (794-1185), hard facts about Ozu Washi do not exist until the 18th century. The monk, Zennoshin was responsible for teaching people how to make paper, when he came to one of the villages of the Ozu clan, and what developed into a craft industry flourished under the protection and patronage of the clan.

東京都

江戸切子

Edo Cut Glass

その他の工芸品

天保5年(1834年)に、江戸の大伝馬町でビードロ屋を営んでいた加賀屋久兵衛という人物が、英国製のカットグラスを真似てガラスの表面に彫刻を施したのが始まりと言われています。

It is said that the origins of Edo Kiriko date back to 1834 when a Kagaya Kyubei, who was working in a small glass works in Edo (Tokyo), copied a piece of English cut glass. It also seems that Commodore Matthew Perry, who arrived in Japan toward the end of the Edo Period (1600-1868), was very surprised when he was presented with a splendid piece of Kagaya's cut glass.

埼玉県

岩槻人形

Iwatsuki Ningyo

人形・こけし

江戸時代後期の雛祭りや端午の節句は、大切で賑やかな行事であり、そこで大きな役割を果たしたのが人形です。

These dolls played a large role in the important and lively events of the annual Girl's Day and Boy's Day celebrations in the late Edo period.

広島県

宮島細工

Miyajima Woodwork

木工品・竹工品

鎌倉時代初期、神社や寺を建てるために鎌倉地方、京都地方から大工、指物師が招かれました。その技術の流れをくむものが現在の宮島細工です。

At the beginning of the Kamakura period (1185-1333), carpenters and cabinet makers were invited from Kyoto and Kamakura to build temples and shrines in the area, and Miyajima Zaiku as it is today, is a natural extension of the techniques that were used.

秋田県

川連漆器

Kawatsura Lacquer Ware

漆器

鎌倉時代にこの地方を支配していた領主の弟が、地元の山から切り出されたブナの木や漆を利用して、武具に漆を塗ることを内職として家臣に命じたのが始まりとされています。

The beginnings of this craft go back to the Kamakura period (1185-1333), when the younger brother of the lord of the fief who ruled this area, ordered the retainers to take up lacquering pieces of armor and weaponry as a job, using locally tapped lacquer and Japanese beech cut from the mountains in the area. The making of bowls began in earnest in the middle of the Edo period (1600-1868) and by the end of the period work was concentrated on the three districts of Kawatsura in what is now Inakawa-cho, Odate and Minashi and the making of everyday pieces of household goods flourished in what had become a production center.

岩手県

秀衡塗

Hidehira Lacquer Ware

漆器

平安時代の末期に岩手県平泉町において、権力や財力を欲しいままにし、中尊寺金色堂(ちゅうそんじこんじきどう)をはじめとする仏教美術をこの地にもたらした奥州藤原氏のもとで、秀衡塗は始められました。

This lacquer craft really began when Ohshu Fujiwara wielded power over Hiraizumi in Iwate Prefecture toward the end of the Heian period (794-1185). It was he who lent this support to the building of the temple, Chusonji with its famous Konjikido and many fine pieces of Buddhist art in general.

大阪府

大阪金剛簾

Osaka Kongo Bamboo Blinds

木工品・竹工品

簾の起こりは古く、平安時代に遡ります。宮中等の間仕切りや飾りに使用された御簾(みす)が、現在のお座敷簾の原型と言われています。

The making of bamboo blinds goes right back to before the Heian period (794-1185). Blinds of this kind were first used as a screen inside the Imperial palace and the residences of noblemen, and became the model for blinds which are still used in traditional reception rooms today.

三重県

伊賀くみひも

Iga Kumihimo Braids

その他繊維製品

伊賀くみひもの始まりは古く、奈良時代以前にまで遡ると言われています。

The origins of Iga kumihimo braid are extremely old and may even date back to before the Nara period (710-794).

神奈川県

鎌倉彫

Kamakura Carved and Lacquered Ware

漆器

鎌倉時代、中国から禅宗という仏教の宗派が伝わってきたとき、一緒に多くの美術工芸品が輸入されてきました。

When Zen Buddhism was introduced from China during the Kamakura period (1185-1333), many arts and crafts were imported at the same time. Sculptors of Buddhist images and carpenters who built temples and shrines were influenced by examples of carved lacquer ware called tsuishu and tsuikoku that were amongst these Chinese imports.