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伝統的工芸品を探す

TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

神奈川県

小田原漆器

Odawara Lacquer Ware

漆器

室町時代中期に、箱根山系の豊富な木材を使って作られた挽物の器に、漆を塗ったのが始まりと言われます。

The earliest examples of this ware were pieces of lacquered turned goods made from the plentiful supplies of wood available from the mountains around Hakone in the Muromachi period (1333-1568).

京都府

西陣織

Nishijin Textiles

織物

西陣という名は、室町時代の応仁の乱の時、西軍が本陣とした場所に、乱の後、職人が集まって織物をしたことから付けられました。織物の歴史としては、平安時代以前に秦氏によってもたらされた織技術にまで遡ることができます。西陣織は宮廷文化を中心に、織文化の担い手として発展してきました。

The name Nishijin was given to these textiles because weavers settled in the area which had been the headquarters of the west camp or Nishijin at the time of the Onin War. Lasting eleven years, these hostilities took place during the Muromachi period (1392-1573) from 1467 to 1477, when lords from many provinces divided into east and west factions.

茨城県

真壁石燈籠

Makabe Stone Lanterns

石工品

茨城県真壁地方は、質の良い花崗岩(かこうがん)が採れることから、古くから石を生活用具として加工、利用してきています。

Good quality granite found in the Makabe area of Ibaraki Prefecture has been used to make a variety of useful articles since ancient times. The actual working of stone in the area began around the end of the Muromachi period (1333-1568) with the making of Buddhist stone articles around Nagaoka in Makabe-cho.

石川県

金沢仏壇

Kanazawa Household Buddhist Altars

仏壇・仏具

金沢仏壇の始まりは17世紀まで遡ることができます。

It is possible to trace the origins of Kanazawa Butsudan back to the 17th century. What prompted their production was the sheer number of people who had been converted to the Jodo Shinshu in the Hokuriku region of Japan, after Rennyo-shonin, a Buddhist priest of the same order visited the area to spread the word.

石川県

金沢箔

Kanazawa Gold Leaf

工芸材料・工芸用具

金沢の金銀箔の歴史は、戦国時代後半、現在の石川県南部を中心とした地域を支配していた加賀藩の藩主前田利家が、朝鮮の役の陣中から国元へ箔の製造を命じる書を送っていたというところまで遡ることができます。

The history of Kanazawa Haku can be traced back to the latter half of the Sengoku period (1428-1573), when Maeda Toshiie, the feudal lord of the Kaga clan governing the southern part of the area now known as Ishikawa Prefecture, sent a document back to the country from a campaign in Korea, explaining how to produce gold leaf. The Shogunate subsequently set up a gilders' guild and controlled the production and sale of gold leaf throughout the country.

和歌山県

紀州へら竿

Kishu Herazao

木工品・竹工品

紀州へら竿は、竿師の高い技術力で作られるへら鮒用の釣り竿です。

Kishu Herazao are fishing rods for catching crucian carp created by master rod craftsmen.

石川県

山中漆器

Yamanaka Lacquer Ware

漆器

16世紀の後半に、良い材料を求めて移住してきた職人集団の人達が行ったろくろ挽きが始まりです。

The origins of this craft date back to the second half of the 16th century, when a group of craftsmen moved into the area in search of good materials and began turning bowls and other things.

埼玉県 東京都

江戸木目込人形

Edo Art Dolls

人形・こけし

江戸時代中期に、京都上賀茂神社で祭事に使う、柳筥(やなぎばこ)の材料である柳の木の残片で、神官が、木彫の小さな人形を作り溝を付けて、そこに神官の衣装の残りの布を挟んで着せ付けたのが始まりだと言われています。

In the middle of the Edo period (1600-1868), a priest called Takahashi Tadashige is said to have been very proud of a small wooden doll that he had carved from scraps of willow which were left over from boxes used in a festival at Kamigamo shrine in Kyoto. Then using remnants of fabric from his priest's clothing, he dressed the doll by inserting the ends of the fabric into the wooden torso.

兵庫県

播州毛鉤

Banshu Fishing Flies

その他の工芸品

江戸時代末期に京都から技法が導入され、農家の副業として守り育てられて来ました。時代とともに製品の完成度を高めて、優れた釣りの成果を生むまでに技術が向上しました。

The techniques of this craft were introduced to Banshu from Kyoto toward the end of the Edo period (1600-1868). Local farmers began making the hooks and flies in their spare time, preserving and developing the craft over the years, while gradually perfecting each type of hook to a level at which it would bring good results. Flies won a number of prizes at Fisheries Fairs held during the late 1800s and as a result, Banshu Kebari earned the recognition of many fishermen.

神奈川県

鎌倉彫

Kamakura Carved and Lacquered Ware

漆器

鎌倉時代、中国から禅宗という仏教の宗派が伝わってきたとき、一緒に多くの美術工芸品が輸入されてきました。

When Zen Buddhism was introduced from China during the Kamakura period (1185-1333), many arts and crafts were imported at the same time. Sculptors of Buddhist images and carpenters who built temples and shrines were influenced by examples of carved lacquer ware called tsuishu and tsuikoku that were amongst these Chinese imports.

静岡県

駿河竹千筋細工

Suruga Bamboo Ware

木工品・竹工品

江戸時代初期に、主として武士の内職として始まりました。

Suruga Takesensuji Zaiku dates back to the beginning of the Edo period (1600-1868) when warriors almost exclusively made bamboo goods as a side job in more peaceful times. In the 19th century, the feudal lord in Okazaki, who was skilled in the art of bamboo weaving, passed on his techniques to Shimizu Inobei. Using these techniques, he made candy bowls and insect cages to sell to travelers on the Tokaido, the main road between Kyoto and Edo.

岡山県

備前焼

Bizen Ware

陶磁器

備前焼の歴史は古く、平安時代にすでに作られていました。日本六古窯の一つに数えられ、千年の歴史を持つ陶器(厳密には「せっ器(「せっ」は火へんに石)」)として全国的に有名です。

Bizen is one of Japan's six most famous kilns with a history going back some one thousand years to the Heian period (794-1185), when this ware was already in production.