The cultivation of cotton for home use on the sandy soil in the area of Yumigahama in the western part of Tottori Prefecture started in the latter half of the 17th century. When wholesalers of the indigo balls used for dyeing became established in the middle of the 18th century, cotton production for cloth increased.
Then at the beginning of the 19th century, the womenfolk on the farms in Yonago and Yumigahama started weaving a picture ikat called hamanome-gasuri.
Being a cloth that was first woven to be made up into garments for personal use by farming families, it has a simple and honest quality. While picture ikat techniques are utilized to the full to create patterns associated with everyday life bringing the wearer good luck, good fortune and warding off any evil spirits, the designs are boldly expressed.These cloth is used for kimono as well as for cushion covers, curtains and bags.
This garment has a rough texture, rustic texture which points to its origin as clothing for farmers. They are adorned with bold and delicate "good luck," "evil-warding"and "auspicious" patterns as well as patterns related to daily living and made using pictorial kasuri techniques.
How to make
After impurities have been removed from the raw yarn, about 80 strands are arranged parallel to each other and the portion to be patterned is tied and then dyed. After the strands have been dyed and allowed to dry, once the tying yarn is removed, only the portion that had been tied will not have been stained and will appear white. By dividing the 80 threads one by one, and weaving them in combination with the white portion, it will be possible to create patterns.