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伝統的工芸品を探す

TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

福岡県

久留米絣

Kurume Ikat

織物

19世紀初めに、一切れの木綿の古い布のかすれた糸をヒントに、12歳の少女によって始められました。

This type of cloth dates back to the beginning of the 19th century, when a 12 year old girl called Inoue Den was inspired by a scrap of old material. Later, the Kurume clan in the south west of present day Fukuoka Prefecture promoted its production.

大阪府

大阪浪華錫器

Osaka Naniwa Pewter Ware

金工品

錫器が日本に伝えられたのは、今から約1300年程前、遣隋使の手によるものと言われています。

Pewter ware was first introduced to Japan some 1,300 years ago by envoys from China. Later during the early part of the Kamakura period (1185-1333), the Zen monk Eisai visited Sung dynasty China and returned with a maker of tea urns. His skills with pewter are said to mark the real beginning of this craft in Japan. It was not until the 18th century, however, that a production center was established in Osaka.

兵庫県

出石焼

Izushi Ware

陶磁器

江戸時代中期に地元で大量の白磁の原石が発見されたことから、藩主の援助を受け今の佐賀県有田町の陶工を招いて、出石の城下町で磁器作りをしたのが始まりとされています。

Large quantities of kaolin were discovered in the area during the 18th century. With the help of the local feudal lord, potters skilled in the making of porcelain from Arita in present-day Saga Prefecture were brought in to help, and the porcelain made in the castle town of Izushi marked the beginnings of this ware. Subsequently, the number of kilns increased in and around this castle town and a production center became established.

石川県

金沢仏壇

Kanazawa Household Buddhist Altars

仏壇・仏具

金沢仏壇の始まりは17世紀まで遡ることができます。

It is possible to trace the origins of Kanazawa Butsudan back to the 17th century. What prompted their production was the sheer number of people who had been converted to the Jodo Shinshu in the Hokuriku region of Japan, after Rennyo-shonin, a Buddhist priest of the same order visited the area to spread the word.

岩手県

岩谷堂簞笥

Iwayado Chests

木工品・竹工品

岩谷堂簞笥の始まりは18世紀末に遡ります。当時の岩谷堂城主が家臣に車付箪笥や長持等の木工家具の商品化を研究させたのが始まりとされています。

The origins of Iwayado Tansu date back to the end of the 18th century, when the custodian of Iwayado castle had his retainers look into the commercial possibilities of such pieces of wooden furniture as chests with lids and others riding on palettes fitted with wheels.

高知県

土佐和紙

Tosa Paper

和紙

平安時代に書かれた「延喜式(えんぎしき)」に献上品として土佐和紙の名が出ています。

Various kinds of paper for calligraphy, paper crafts, art papers and specialist papers to be used in the home are made under a name, which is mentioned in connection with paper presented to the court in an official Heian period (794-1185) document, the Engishiki. This has led people to believe that Tosa was already a center for the production of paper during this period.

東京都

江戸からかみ

Edo Decorative Papers

その他の工芸品

からかみの源流は、平安時代の和歌を筆写する詠草料紙にまで溯りますが、中世以降には襖や屏風などにも貼られるようになりました。江戸時代、徳川幕府による江戸の街づくりが進む中で、需要も拡大し独自の発展を遂げました。

The origin of these decorative papers dates back to a type of paper used during the Heian period (794-1185) to write out the traditional style of poem called a waka. Nevertheless, it was not until the Middle Ages that decorative papers were applied to free-standing screens and were stretched over the sliding screens called fusuma dividing interior space.

大阪府

大阪金剛簾

Osaka Kongo Bamboo Blinds

木工品・竹工品

簾の起こりは古く、平安時代に遡ります。宮中等の間仕切りや飾りに使用された御簾(みす)が、現在のお座敷簾の原型と言われています。

The making of bamboo blinds goes right back to before the Heian period (794-1185). Blinds of this kind were first used as a screen inside the Imperial palace and the residences of noblemen, and became the model for blinds which are still used in traditional reception rooms today.

岐阜県

一位一刀彫

Ichii Woodcarving

木工品・竹工品

江戸時代末期に、飛騨の山のイチイという木材を用い、その木目の美しさを活かし、色を付けない独特の彫刻で根付が作られるようになり、そこから一位一刀彫が大きく成長しました。

Ichii Itto Bori developed from small beginnings, when a woodcarver named Matsuda Sukenaga used a yew felled from the Hida mountains to make some rather special netsuke that were left uncolored and simply took full advantage of the beautiful grain of this wood. Since then, this craft has always been representative of the woodcarving done in the Hida region.

秋田県

大館曲げわっぱ

Odate Bentwood Work

木工品・竹工品

関ヶ原の戦いで負けた豊臣方の武将であった佐竹義宣が、徳川幕府によって、それまでの領地であった水戸から秋田へ移転させられた時、秋田の領民の暮らしはとても貧しく、その日の食べ物に困る者さえあるくらいでした。

Satake Yoshinobu was a military commander who fought with Toyotomi Hideyoshi at the battle of Sekigahara in 1600. Hideyoshi was vanquished and Satake was ordered by the Tokugawa Shogunate to move from his former domain of Mito to Akita in the extreme north of Honshu. He found the people there were very poor and some did not even have enough to eat. As castellans of Odate castle, the western branch of Satake family set about trying to relieve the poverty of their people by using the rich supplies of timber to be found in the fief.

大阪府

大阪仏壇

Osaka Household Buddhist Altars

仏壇・仏具

聖徳太子が四天王寺を建てた際、朝鮮半島の百済から技術者を呼び寄せ大阪に住まわせたことから、仏壇、仏具の産地が形成されたと言われています。その後、仏教が広まるのとともに、大阪独特の優れた製作技術・技法も府下一円に広まりました。

Household Buddhist altars and other items associated with the religion were first made in Osaka by specialists who came from Paekche on the Korean peninsular, at the time that Shotoku Taishi built the Shiteno-ji temple in the late 6th century.

福井県

若狭めのう細工

Wakasa Agate Work

貴石細工

現在の福井県若狭の里、遠敷(おにゅう)は、若狭一の神社を頂く土地で、奈良時代に玉を信仰する鰐族(わにぞく)という海民族が、この地に来たとき、神社の前に鰐街道を作り、そこで玉を作ることを仕事としたのが、始まりと言われています。

Wakasa now stands in present-day Fukui Prefecture. One of the old villages of Wakasa was called Onyu and it was this area that was served by the main shrine of the province. Back in the Nara period (710-794), a sea-faring people known as the Wanizoku, who made jade the object of their faith, came to the area and built what was called the Wani-kaido, a road in front of the shrine. Here they started making jade objects and Wakasa Meno Zaiku is said to have begun at this time.