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伝統的工芸品を探す

TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

東京都

江戸指物

Edo Joinery

木工品・竹工品

江戸時代、徳川幕府は多くの職人を全国から呼び寄せて、神田・日本橋周辺に、大工町、鍛冶町、紺屋町などの職人町をつくり手工業を発達させました。

Many skilled individuals were encouraged to live and work in Edo (Tokyo) by the Shogunate right from the outset of the Edo period (1600-1868), and craft industries developed as a result of the formation of enclaves within the districts of Kanda and Nihonbashi for such specialists as carpenters, smiths, and dyers.

東京都

村山大島紬

Murayama Oshima Fabrics

織物

村山大島紬の始まりは、江戸時代後期と言われています。

While the history of this kimono cloth only seems to date back to the middle of the 19th century, it was in 1920 that the techniques associated with two different cloths were combined to produce the silk cloth known as Murayama Oshima Tsumugi.

新潟県

三条仏壇

Sanjo Household Buddhist Altars

仏壇・仏具

三条地方は「仏都三条」と言われるほど仏教の盛んな土地で、江戸時代中期には、北陸第一と言われる堂宇伽藍(どうがらん)を持つ寺院が建てられました。

The area known as Sanjo has always been strongly associated with Buddhism, sometimes known as the ""capital"" of the faith. This is partly evidenced by the building during the 18th century of the Hokuriku region's finest piece of temple architecture.

鹿児島県

薩摩焼

Satsuma Ware

陶磁器

薩摩焼は、文禄・慶長の役の頃、当時の藩主島津氏が朝鮮から連れ帰った李朝の陶工たちによってはじめられました。

The origins of Satsuma Yaki date back to the 16th century. The local feudal lord, Shimazu, returned from the Korean peninsular with some potters who helped to get things started.

京都府

京黒紋付染

Kyoto Black Dyeing

染色品

黒染の歴史はたいへん古く、10世紀まで遡りますが、黒紋付染として確立したのは、17世紀の初めと見られています。

Although the dyeing of cloth black has a very long history dating back to the 10th century, it seems that it was not until the 17th century that it became established as a recognized craft to include family crests.

愛知県

豊橋筆

Toyohashi Brushes

文具

江戸時代後期に、現在の豊橋市にあたる地域を支配していた吉田藩の藩主が、京都の職人を、藩のために筆を作る御用筆匠(ごようふでしょう)として迎え、下級武士に副業として筆作りを奨励したのが始まりです。

Toyohashi is situated at the center of the area which was once ruled by the Yoshida clan. Toward the end of the 18th century, the leader of the clan brought in Suzuki Jinzaemon from Kyoto, and he began making brushes for the clan. Gradually lower ranking samurai started this work and this marked the true beginnings of the craft in Toyohashi.

愛知県

尾張仏具

仏壇・仏具

尾張仏具は、江戸時代初期頃から愛知県名古屋市を中心に生産されている工芸品。 尾張近郊で採れる良質な木材を資源に、江戸後期、下級武士の内職として発展しました。木製漆塗製品が中心で、多様な工程と、色鮮やかな仕上がりが特徴です。

福井県

越前焼

Echizen Ware

陶磁器

越前焼は日本六古窯の1つに数えられ、その歴史はたいへん古いものです。

Echizen Yaki ranks among Japan's six old kilns and therefore has a history dating back many centuries. First fired toward the end of the Heian period (794-1185), upward of 200 old kilns sites have been discovered in the area to date. It was in these massive old kilns that all manner of everyday articles such as pots, jars, mortars, flasks, and jars in which to keep a black tooth dye fashionable at the time were fired.

滋賀県

彦根仏壇

Hikone Household Buddhist Altars

仏壇・仏具

江戸時代中期に彦根藩では、高度な技術を持つ武具師・塗師(ぬし)・細工師に、武具の製作を辞めて仏壇の製造に携わるように勧めたため、その頃から小規模な家内工業として仏壇作りが始まりました。

Gradually during the 18th century, highly skilled armorers, lacquerers and other artisans were encouraged by the Hikone clan to work on the making of household altars, at first more or less as a ""cottage industry"". Subsequently with the rise in popularity of Buddhism and the patronage of the Hikone clan, a production center became established, forming the foundations of the small craft industry as it exists today.

兵庫県

播州三木打刃物

Banshu Miki Forged Blades

金工品

安土桃山時代の末期、三木城が羽柴秀吉に攻められて落城し、三木の町は破壊されました。

After the siege and final fall of Miki castle toward the end of the Momoyama period (1573-1600), carpenters from various parts were drawn here to rebuild the town. Along with them came many smiths to forge the tools they needed and forging developed as a craft here.

石川県

九谷焼

Kutani Ware

陶磁器

九谷の鉱山から陶石が発見されたことと、加賀藩の職人が、今の佐賀県有田町で磁器作りの技術を学んで来たことによって、17世紀の半ば頃、九谷の地で始められたのが古九谷焼(こくたにやき)です。古九谷は加賀百万石文化の、大らかさときらびやかさを合わせ持つ、独特の力強い様式美を作り上げましたが、17 世紀の終わり頃突然作られなくなってしまいました。その後、19世紀に入ると再び九谷焼が焼かれるようになりました。

The first porcelain to be produced in the Kutani area was in the 17th century, when a member of the Kaga clan, Goto Saijiro, who had studied the techniques of making porcelain in Arita in northern Kyushu, set up a kiln making Kokutani ware, a suitable porcelain clay having been discovered in the area.

岩手県

浄法寺塗

Joboji Lacquer Ware

漆器

浄法寺塗という名は中世に岩手県北部を支配していた浄法寺一族から付いたもので、地名にもなっています。

Joboji Nuri takes its name from the Joboji family which ruled the northern part of Iwate Prefecture during the middle ages, and it is also the name of the area.