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伝統的工芸品を探す

TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

福井県

越前打刃物

Echizen Forged Blades

金工品

室町時代の初め頃、京都の刀作りの職人が、刀剣製作にふさわしい土地を求めてこの地にやって来た時、近くの農民のために鎌を作ったことが始まりだったと言われています。

When a swordsmith from Kyoto came to this area in search of raw materials at the beginning of the Muromachi period (1392-1573), it seems they made some sickles of the local farmers and this marked the beginning of forging in the area. During the Edo period (1600-1868) with patronage from the Fukui clan, blades made in Echizen were sold all over the country.

大阪府

大阪唐木指物

Osaka Fine Cabinetry

木工品・竹工品

唐木製品は、奈良時代の遣唐使によって持ち帰られました。珍しい木が使われていたため、この木を唐の木、唐木と呼んだことが唐木指物のいわれです。

Fine rarewood cabinetry was brought to Japan by the envoys who visited Tang dynasty China, hence the name of these woods in Japanese is literally ""woods of Tang"" or karaki. During the Edo period (1600-1868) when foreign intrusions were mostly shunned, rarewoods come into the country via Nagasaki and they were distributed through a wholesaler of medicines in Osaka.

沖縄県

首里織

Shuri Fabrics

織物

14~15世紀の琉球王国は、東南アジアや中国と盛んに交易を行い、その交流により織の技術を学びました。その後幾百年の年月を積み重ね、沖縄の気候風土に育まれた、様々な個性を持つ琉球織物が生み出されました。

Trade flourished between the kingdom of Ryukyu and China and South East Asia during the 14th and 15th centuries and weaving techniques were learned through these exchanges. Nurtured by the Okinawan climate and developed over the centuries, a number of textiles, each with their own characteristic traits, came into being. One of these was a cloth produced in Shuri.

高知県

土佐和紙

Tosa Paper

和紙

平安時代に書かれた「延喜式(えんぎしき)」に献上品として土佐和紙の名が出ています。

Various kinds of paper for calligraphy, paper crafts, art papers and specialist papers to be used in the home are made under a name, which is mentioned in connection with paper presented to the court in an official Heian period (794-1185) document, the Engishiki. This has led people to believe that Tosa was already a center for the production of paper during this period.

沖縄県

八重山ミンサー

Yaeyama Minsaa

織物

アフガニスタンから中国を経て伝わり、王府時代の16世紀初め頃、木綿布(ミンサー)の使用が記されていることから、

There are records confirming that a cotton cloth or minsaa which had originated in Afghanistan and had been brought to the Ryukyus from China was in use at the beginning of the 16th century at the Ryukyu court. It seems fairly certain, therefore, that minsaa was already being woven in the Yaeyama area about this time. The name minsaa is derived from min meaning cotton and saa meaning narrow band.

和歌山県

紀州漆器

Kishu Lacquer Ware

漆器

室町から戦国時代に現在の滋賀県付近の木地師の集団がこの地に住みついて、豊富な紀州ヒノキを木地に、木の椀の製造を始めました。

Wood turners settled in the vicinity of present day Shiga Prefecture during the Muromachi period (1392-1573) and the turbulent times before the end of the 16th century. These craftsmen started making wooden soup bowls using the plentiful supplies of Japanese cypresses (Chamaecyparis Spach) found locally. This led to the production of shibujiwan bowls, which were primed with the tannin-rich juice extracted from persimmons.

新潟県

越後三条打刃物

Echigo Sanjo Uchi Hamono

金工品

農業に必要な道具として、中世より「鎌」「鍬」等の製造を行い、閑散期の農家の副業として始まった「和釘」作りを経て、「包丁」「鉋」 「鑿」「木鋏」「切出小刀」「鉞」など多くの種類の打刃物を作るようになりました。

Production of essential farm implements such as sickles and hoes have been in production since the middle ages. Creation of Japanese nails began as a side job for farmers in the off season, and this evolved into the creation of many types of blades including kitchen knives, planes for carving wood, chisels, pruning shears, utility knives, axes, and more types of blades.

京都府

京友禅

Kyoto Yuzen Dyeing

染色品

染色技法は8世紀から伝わり、手描友禅は江戸時代に京都の絵師宮崎友禅斉によって確立されたと伝えられています。扇絵師として人気の高かった宮崎友禅斉が、自分の画風をデザインに取り入れ、模様染めの分野に生かしたことで「友禅染め」が生まれました。

Although dyeing techniques had existed since the 8th century, it is said that the yuzen technique of painting dye directly onto cloth was established by Miyazaki Yuzensai, a popular fan painter living in Kyoto toward the end of the 17th century. He introduced his own style of painting as a way of rendering pattern and this led to the birth of this handpainted dyeing technique.

大阪府

大阪欄間

Osaka Transoms

木工品・竹工品

大阪欄間の始まりは17世紀初期で、大阪府内の聖神社や四天王寺等にその伝統技法のもととなる技術がみられます。

The origins of this craft date back to the beginning of the 17th century and the traditional woodworking skills that can be seen at Osaka's Hijiri Shrine and Shiteno-ji temple. Gradually during the 18th century, transoms were mainly introduced into merchant's houses not only for practical reasons of ventilation and lighting but also as a decorative element capable of raising the quality of interior space, especially in rooms where guest would be received.

宮城県

仙台箪笥

Sendai Tansu

木工品・竹工品

仙台簞笥は、江戸時代末期以降、仙台藩の地場産業として成長しました。木目が浮かび上がる木地呂(きじろ)塗りに豪華な金属製の飾り金具が施されていることが特徴です。

Sendai tansu grew as a local industry of the Sendai-han beginning in the final years of the Edo period (1603 - 1868). The kijiro-nuri wood treatment that brings out the wood grain, and the deluxe metal fittings that decorate the chests are distinctive features of this craft.

沖縄県

読谷山ミンサー

Yuntanza Minsaa

織物

始まりは読谷山花織と同時期で、南国の影響が強い製品です。一時、生産が途絶えてしまいましたが、昔のことを良く知っているお年寄りによって復活されました。

The weaving of this cloth started about the same time as the Yomitanzan Hanaori Fabrics and is similarly characterized by its tropical feel and motifs. Production ceased for a time but was revived by elderly people who knew the techniques involved.

愛知県

三河仏壇

Mikawa Household Buddhist Altars

仏壇・仏具

三河仏壇の始まりは、江戸時代中期に遡ります。仏壇師が、矢作川の水運を利用して得られるマツ、スギ、ヒノキの良材と三河北部の猿投(さるなげ)山麓で採れた漆を材料として、仏壇を作ったのが始まりだと言われています。

Mikawa Butsudan date back to the middle of the 18th century. It was then that a certain altar maker made an altar using good pine, cedar and cypress that was brought down the Yasakugawa river and finished his work using natural lacquer tapped from trees at the foot of Mt. Sarunage in the north of Mikawa.