• Home
  • 伝統的工芸品を探す

伝統的工芸品を探す

TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

大阪府

堺打刃物

Sakai Forged Blades

金工品

16世紀の中頃、ポルトガル人によって鉄砲、たばこが伝来しました。16世紀の後半には、たばこの葉を刻む「たばこ包丁」が堺で作られるようになり、徳川幕府は堺に「極印」という品質証明の印を与え、専売を許可したために、堺刃物の切れ味と名声は全国各地へと広がりました。

Guns and tobacco were introduced into Japan in the middle of the 16th century by the Portuguese. By the end of that century, small tobacco knives were being forged in Sakai and the Tokugawa Shogunate awarded the forgers of Sakai a special seal of approval and guarantee of their quality.

福岡県

久留米絣

Kurume Ikat

織物

19世紀初めに、一切れの木綿の古い布のかすれた糸をヒントに、12歳の少女によって始められました。

This type of cloth dates back to the beginning of the 19th century, when a 12 year old girl called Inoue Den was inspired by a scrap of old material. Later, the Kurume clan in the south west of present day Fukuoka Prefecture promoted its production.

山口県

赤間硯

Akama Inkstones

文具

赤間硯は鎌倉時代の初めに、鶴岡八幡宮に奉納されたという記録があります。江戸時代中期には各地で売り広められました。

Records exist showing that an Akama Suzuri was offered at the Tsuruoka Hachimangu Shrine in Kamakura at the beginning of the Kamakura period (1185-1333). By the middle of the Edo period (1600-1868) these inkstones were being sold up and down the country.

徳島県

阿波和紙

Awa Paper

和紙

今から約1300年ほど前、忌部族という朝廷に仕えていた人たちが、麻やコウゾを植えて紙や布の製造を盛んにしたという記録が、9世紀の書物に見られ、ここに阿波和紙の歴史が始まります。

A 9th-century document confirms that the history of Awa Washi goes back some 1,300 years to times when a family known as Inbe serving the Imperial court, was growing flax and paper mulberry and producing cloth and paper.

新潟県

長岡仏壇

Nagaoka Household Buddhist Altars

仏壇・仏具

長岡仏壇は17世紀頃、長岡市を中心とした地域に寺院、社殿等を建てるために全国各地から集まった宮大工、仏師、彫刻師、塗師(ぬし)等が冬の間に内職として、仏壇製造を手がけたことがその始まりと伝えられています。19世紀前半には、仏壇は地場産業として成り立つようになりました。

During the 17th century, a number of temples and shrines were built in and around the city of Nagaoka. It seems that the specialist carpenters, sculptors of Buddhist images, sculptors of other carved elements and lacquerers who had come into the area from all over the country because of this building work, started making household Buddhist altars during the winter months.

福島県

奥会津編み組細工

Okuaizu Basketry

木工品・竹工品

福島県大沼郡三島町の荒屋敷遺跡において、縄や籠の編み組等の断片が発掘されており、縄文時代より編み組の技術・技法が存在したことが明らかとなっています。

Fragments of simple basketry and rope were discovered at the Arayashiki archeological dig in the town of Mishima, Ohnuma county in Fukushima Prefecture, proving that the skills and techniques of weaving and twisting ropes existed in the area as far back as the Jomon period, which covers the period of Japanese history from about 10,000 B.C. to 300 B.C. Then, in one ancient local chronicle about farming, reference is made of the fact that baskets were being made from vegetable and plant material in the Aizu region.

富山県

高岡漆器

Takaoka Lacquer Ware

漆器

高岡漆器は、江戸時代の初めに、加賀藩の藩主前田利長が、現在の富山県高岡市に高岡城を築いたとき、武具や箪笥、膳等日常生活品を作らせたのが始まりです。

This lacquer craft started at the beginning of the Edo Period (1600-1868), when the lord of the Kaga clan wielding power over the Hokuriku region built Takaoka castle in what is now Takaoka City. It was then that lacquerers began making all manners of household goods as well as chests and lacquered items of armor and weaponry.

愛知県

瀬戸染付焼

Seto Underglazed Ware

陶磁器

19世紀の初めに、土地の人が九州から持ち帰った磁器の焼成技術と、絵の専門家から指導を受けた中国風の柔らかで潤いのある絵を施す絵付技術が、お互いに影響し合って大きく発展し、19世紀中頃には瀬戸染付焼の技術・技法が確立されました。

At the beginning of the 19th century, local people returned from Kyushu armed with the techniques for firing porcelain and a way of applying decorations using a soft Southern Sung Dynasty style of painting with great charm that they had learned from a specialist painter.

沖縄県

与那国織

Yonaguni Fabrics

織物

与那国島は日本の最西端にある国境の島です。この島に生まれた織物の歴史は古く、古い文献からおおよそ500年の歴史があると考えられています。

Situated on the extreme western boundary of Japan, records show that weaving on Yonaguni Island dates back some 500 years, and cloth was already being paid as a tax during the 1520s. During the difficult times after World War II, fishing nets were unraveled to provide yarn for this cloth, which is still woven by the women, who devote so much time producing this cloth that is very representative of the island's natural environment.

栃木県

益子焼

Mashiko Ware

陶磁器

19世紀の中頃、笠間焼の影響を受けて始まりました。初期の益子焼は、藩の援助を受けて日用品を焼いており、そうして作られたものは江戸の台所で使われていました。

The distinctive Mashiko style of pottery developed sometime about the middle of the 19th century having come under the influence of Kasama Yaki. In the early days, everyday articles were made with the support of the local clan and many of the pieces found their way into the kitchens of Edo.

京都府

京表具

Kyoto Art Mountings

その他の工芸品

始まりは平安時代に遡ります。当時、表具は経や書画に布地を貼って補強するためのものでした。それがその後、保存や鑑賞のために、書画等に布や紙等で縁取や裏打ち等をして、掛軸や額に仕立てたり、屏風や衝立、襖にする「表装」一般を扱うようになりました。

Art mounting dates back to the Heian period (794-1185), when pieces of artwork, calligraphy and the Sutras were strengthened by backing them with fabric. Later, calligraphy and paintings were backed or edged with paper or fabric for display or to help protect them.

新潟県

新潟漆器

Niigata Lacquer Ware

漆器

江戸時代の初めに他の産地から漆塗り技術が伝わり、寛永15年(1638年)に現在の古町に椀店と呼ばれる塗り物の専売地域が定められて、保護政策がとられました。

Techniques were originally introduced from other centers where lacquer ware was being made at the beginning of 17th century but in 1638, a specialist area for the selling of japanned goods was established under the name of a ""bowl store"" in what is now Furumachi, and received official protection. By 1819, the craft was well enough established for a list of ""master lacquerers"" to be recorded.