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伝統的工芸品を探す

TRADITIONAL CRAFTS

宮城県

宮城伝統こけし

Miyagi Kokeshi Dolls

人形・こけし

江戸時代中期以後に、東北地方の温泉土産として生まれたものと伝えられています。

It is said that these dolls were made to sell to people visiting the hot springs in the north east of the country from the middle of the Edo period (1600-1868). Five kinds of traditional dolls are produced in Miyagi Prefecture itself, namely naruko kokeshi, sakunami kokeshi, toogatta kokeshi, yajiro kokeshi, and hijiori kokeshi.

埼玉県 東京都

江戸木目込人形

Edo Art Dolls

人形・こけし

江戸時代中期に、京都上賀茂神社で祭事に使う、柳筥(やなぎばこ)の材料である柳の木の残片で、神官が、木彫の小さな人形を作り溝を付けて、そこに神官の衣装の残りの布を挟んで着せ付けたのが始まりだと言われています。

In the middle of the Edo period (1600-1868), a priest called Takahashi Tadashige is said to have been very proud of a small wooden doll that he had carved from scraps of willow which were left over from boxes used in a festival at Kamigamo shrine in Kyoto. Then using remnants of fabric from his priest's clothing, he dressed the doll by inserting the ends of the fabric into the wooden torso.

埼玉県

岩槻人形

Iwatsuki Ningyo

人形・こけし

江戸時代後期の雛祭りや端午の節句は、大切で賑やかな行事であり、そこで大きな役割を果たしたのが人形です。

These dolls played a large role in the important and lively events of the annual Girl's Day and Boy's Day celebrations in the late Edo period.

東京都

江戸節句人形

Edo Sekku Ningyo

人形・こけし

江戸の人形製作は、京都の影響を受けて江戸時代初期に始まりましたが、江戸独自のスタイルが確立されたのは、約250年前の宝暦頃と考えられています。この頃から、雛人形や五月人形は、写実的で洗練された江戸前の姿となりました。江戸時代後期の文化文政期に江戸の人形文化は最盛期を迎え、江戸時代初期に戸外に飾っていた甲飾りは屋内に飾られ、五月人形や実物の甲冑をモデルにした精巧な飾りの江戸甲冑が作られました。

Edo doll production began in the early Edo period (1600s) due to influence from Kyoto, but the unique Edo style is said to have begun 250 years ago in the Horeki era.

静岡県

駿河雛具

Suruga Hina Doll Fittings

人形・こけし

駿河雛具は、16世紀、今川氏が現在の静岡県の駿河の大名であった時代にすでに生産されていました。温暖多湿な気候と、久能山東照宮や浅間神社の造営等をきっかけに全国から導入された高度な技術を応用して、江戸時代に定着した漆器作りの一分野として雛具作りが発達しました。

Paraphernalia for the Hina Matsuri or doll festival was already being produced in Suruga in the 16th century when Imagawa was feudal lord of this province that corresponds to present-day Shizuoka Prefecture. With the construction of Kunosan Toshogu shrine and the Asama Shrine, many advanced craft techniques were introduced from all over the country and the production of Hina paraphernalia developed as part of the lacquer ware industry which, benefiting from the warm humid climate of the area, became established during the Edo period (1600 -1868).

静岡県

駿河雛人形

人形・こけし

駿河雛人形のルーツをたどると、「桐塑(とうそ)」による煉天神にその始まりを見ることができます。美濃から土細工師を呼び寄せて土人形を作り出したのが始まりとされています。

The roots of Suruga Hina Ningyo can be traced back to simple clay dolls known as neri-tenjin. Tenjin is another name for Sugawara Michizane, a Heian period (794-1185) scholar, who was respected as a god of learning. But the craft itself started when a local man called Aono Kasaku gathered around him people skilled in making things in clay and began making dolls. Then tenjin, which were dressed, were made and examples dating back to 1853 still exist today.

京都府

京人形

Kyoto Art Dolls

人形・こけし

人形は天児(あまがつ)、這子(ほうこ)等、子供の身に悪いことが起きないように願って、子供の身代わりに悪いことを引き受けるものとして用いられたのが始まりと言われます。

It is though that dolls were first made in the belief that any evil that might affect a child would instead afflict the doll. As time went by such dolls as amagatsu and houko evolved into what became the prototype of hina dolls with which children of imperial and noble families played during the Heian period (794-1185).

福岡県

博多人形

Hakata Art Dolls

人形・こけし

博多人形の歴史は古く、17世紀の初めに遡ります。

According to some people, the history of Hakata Ningyo dates back to the beginning of the 17th century. It seems that when Kuroda Nagamasa built Fukuoka castle, someone making ridge-end tiles for the castle developed his skills with forming and firing, and he gave one of the figures he made to the head of the clan.